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Gestalt Rules

Visual organization rules!

The hue of an object remains the same despite the type of light in which it is viewed. Color Constancy
The intensity of color remains the same despite the amount of light in which it is viewed. Brightness Constancy
The dimension of an object remains the same despite the distance from which it is viewed. Size Constancy
The form of an object remains the same despite the angle at which it is viewed. Shape Constancy
The tendency to fill in gaps in sensory information. Closure
The tendency to perceive objects against a background. Figure Ground
The tendency to see smooth, lined patterns. Continuity
The tendency to group like items together. Similarity
Items near each other are perceived as belonging together. Proximity
Items that touch each other are perceived as belonging together. Connectedness
The tendency to perceive visual elements that move in the same speed and/or direction as parts of a single stimulus. Common Fate
The tendency to perceive objects located within the same closed area as being grouped together. Common Region
Depth is perceived by the shading of objects; we perceive light as coming from above (the sun). Light & Shadow
Depth is perceived by the difference between what the left and right eye see. The more the eyes converge, the closer the object is to the eyes. Retinal Disparity
Depth is perceived when part of an object is obscured by another object. The unobscured object is perceived as being closer. Interposition
Forty Studies Review! Babies learn depth perception through experience, as illustrated by this experiment. Visual Cliff
The illusion of movement by viewing still images in rapid succession. Phi Phenomenon
Created by: Rylee11
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