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PSC100 CH 5.2

5.2 Working Memory

central executive primary system for controlling attention and thinking w info stored temp in two storage buffers and one integration buffers
phonological loop stores and rehearses verbal and acoustic info
visuospatial sketchpad (visual short-term memory) stores and manipulates visual info (mental picture); retains visual info over time, stitches tgt info from one fixation to another
episodic buffer integrates info from multiple sources and long-term memory to form a single episode
phonological store holds sound or speech based info for 1-2 sec
articulatory rehearsal loop works through inner speach; holds 7 +/-2 items
acoustic similarity effect reduced capacity of working memory for items similar in sound, compared w items that are dissimilar in sound
irrelevant speech effect impairment of working memory by irrelevant spoken material
ego depletion when one's energy for mental activity is exhausted, impairing cognitive control and other cognitive activities (steve jobs, wearing same thing every day)
Rumination incessant focus on negative thoughts; negative thinking interferes with cognition and well-being
Yerkes-Dodson curve shows how performance suffers due to anxiety, especially for difficult tasks that require a high degree of cognitive control
Created by: user-1752726
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