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Chapter 12

1.motivation an internal state that activates behavior and directs it toward a goal
2.instincts innate tendencies that determine behavior a state of tension produced by a need that motivates an organism toward a goal
4.homeostasis the tendency of all organisms to correct imbalances and deviations from their normal state
5.incentive an external stimulus, reinforcer, or reward that motivates behavior
6.extrinsic motivation engaging in activities that either reduce biological needs or help us obtain external incentives
7.intrinsic motivation engaging in activities because they are personally rewarding or because they fulfill our beliefs and expectations
8. lateral hypothalamus (LH) the part of the hypothalamus that produces hunger signals
9. ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) the part of the hypothalamus that can cause one to stop eating
10. fundamental needs biological drives that must be satisfied to maintain life
11.psychological needs the urge to belong and to give and receive love, and the urge to acquire esteem
12.self-actualization needs the pursuit of knowledge and beauty or whatever else is required for the realization of one’s unique potential
13. emotion a set of complex reactions to stimuli involving subjective feelings, physiological arousal, and observable behavior
Created by: maddielansford
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