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muscle and skeleton

chapter 14

skull bones frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital, nasal,zygomatic. maxilla, mandible, sphenoid, ethmoid
mandible lower jaw bone
temporal connected to the parietal bone and the base of the skull
atlas first cervical vertebra that supports the head
thoracic twelve bones inferior to the cervical vertebrae
parietal sides of the skull behind the frontal bone
nasal forms the bridge of the nose
maxilla upper jaw bone
cervical seven bones that form the neck
coccyx tailbone
axis second cervical vertebra inside the atlas
occipital back of the skull forming the base
frontal front of the skull above the eyes
lumbar five bones inferior to the thoracic vertebrae
ethmoid in front of the sphenoid
zygomatic cheek bone
sacrum five fused bones superior to the tailbone
ribs one pair attached to each of the twelve thoracic vertebrae
sternum breastbone
sphenoid winglike structure wedged in the front portion of the cranium
vertebrae bones cervical, atlas, axis, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx
thoracic bones sternum, ribs
clavicle collarbone
scapula shoulderblade
humerus upper arm bone connected to the elbow
radius forearm bone connected to the thumb side
ulna the longer of the two forearm bones
carpals wrist bones
metacarpals hand bones that extend from the wrist
phalanx finger(and toe) bones
pelvic bones hip bones
ilium the superior portion of the hip bone
ischium the inferior portion of the hip bone
pubis one of two bones that connect at the midline of the base of the pelvis
femur thigh bone
patella kneecap
tibia shin bone
fibula lateral to the tibia
metatarsals foot bones that extend from the ankle
tarsals ankle bones
calcaneous heel bone
crani(o) relationship to the skull
vertebr(o),spondyl(o) relationship to a vertebra or spinal column
rachi(o) relation to the spine
sacr(o) relationship to the sacrum, the fused triangulat bone just above the tailbone
oste(o) relationship to bone or bones
arthr(o) some relationship to a joint or joints
chondr(o) relationship to cartilage
myel(o) relationship to bone marrow, to the spinal cord, or to myelin
arthritis inflammation of a joint
craniectomy excision of all/part of skull
spondylosis any disease of the vertebrae
craniotomy incision into the vertebrae
osteoporosis callosity of bones
rachialgia pain in the spinal column
cranial the skull
rachitis a form of osteomalacia; rickets
vertebrocostal the vertebrae and a rib
osteomalacia softening of bone
spondylitis inflammation of bone marrow
chondritis inflammation of cartilage
sacral the sacrum
chondrolysis degeneration of the cartilage
vertebral the vertebrae
osteitis inflammation of a bone
coccygeal the coccyx
arthrocentesis surgical puncture of a joint
my(o) relationship to muscle
tendon a fibrous cord by which a muscle is attached to a bone or other structure
fascia sheet of fibrous tissue that forms an investment for muscles and other organs of the body
rectus abdominus straight abdominal muscle
myocele muscle herniation
tendonitis inflammation of a tendon
pectoralis minor chest muscle that draws shoulder downward
myopathy any disease of the muscle
trapezius raises the shoulder and arm
triceps three-headed muscle
sternocleidomastoid connects the sternum to the clavicle and the mastoid process
latissimus dorsi largest back muscle
rectus femoris from iliac spine to patella; flexes thigh
gastrocnemius calf muscle
masseter chewing muscle; closes jaw
deltoid connects spine of scapula and clavicle; extends arm
fascitis inflammation of fascia
brachialis located at front of humerus; flexes forearm at elbow
soleus flexes ankle joint
tenalgia pain in tendon
sartorius located at the side of the proximal end of the tibia; flexes thigh
gluteus maximus largest muscle of the buttocks
pectoralis major chest muscle that flexes and rotates arm medially
corticosteroids any adrenal cortex steroid used to alleviate or to decrease inflammation
anti inflammatories agents that counteract or suppress inflammation
muscle relaxants agents that lessen muscle tension
analgesics agents that relieve pain
Created by: annacolon
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