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RAD115 Abdomen

Abdomen anatomy and image review

Which two of the following organs lie in the pelvic cavity? Rectum Kidneys Liver Urinary Bladder Rectum Urinary Bladder
The most commonly performed abdominal examination is referred to as a(n): KUB
The inner portion of the sac that covers the abdominal organs is termed the: visceral peritoneum
What does KUB stand for? Kidneys, Ureters, and Bladder
One of the primary reasons a left lateral decubitus abdominal image is performed is to demonstrate: air-fluid levels
How long should the patient lie in the left lateral position, to show small amounts of intraperitoneal gas, before the exposure is made? 10 to 20 minutes
The outer portion of the sac that lines the abdominopelvic cavity is termed the: parietal peritoneum
The pathologic accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity is termed: ascites
where is the center of the IR positioned for an upright PA abdominal image? 2 inches above the iliac crests
If a patient is unable to stand for an upright AP abdominal image, which position should be used? Left lateral decubitus
A properly exposed abdominal image will exhibit all of the following except: Transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae lower border of the liver psoas muscles pancreas pancreas
What is the respiration phase for an AP abdominal image obtained with the patient in the supine position? Expiration
The serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic walls is called the: peritoneum
Which plane is placed perpendicular to the long axis of the grid for a lateral projection of the abdomen? Midcoronal Plane
What is the cavity posterior to the peritoneum? Retroperitoneum
True or False: The upright PA chest projection can be used to demonstrate free air that may accumulate under the diaphragm. True
What is the central ray angulation for an AP abdominal image? 0 degrees
What is presence of free air in the peritoneal cavity called? Pneumoperitoneum
Where is the center of the IR positioned for an AP abdominal image performed with the patient in the supine position? Iliac crests
Where is the center of the IR positioned for a lateral projection of the abdomen performed with the patient in the dorsal decubitus position? 2 inches above the iliac crests
Created by: REGJUR4408
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