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pharmacology clinica

What classification is Tylenol in? Acetaminophen
What are the side effects of Acetaminophen? Chronic and even acute toxicity can develop.
What is the onset of short acting insulin? 30 mins-1 hr.
What is the peak of short acting insulin? 2-4 hr.
What is the duration of short acting insulin? 6-8 hrs.
What is the onset of intermediate insulin? 1-2 hrs.
What is the peak duration of intermediate insulin? 4-15 hrs.
What is the duration of intermediate insulin? 18-24 hrs.
What is the onset of long acting insulin? 4-8 hrs.
What is the peak of long acting insulin? 10-30 hrs.
What is the duration of long acting insulin? 24-36 hrs.
What meds are used to help a pt. control their high blood sugar? Antidiabetic agents
Meds that encourage the beta cells in the pancreas to secrete more insulin and thus lower the blood sugar and increases sensitivity of insulin receptor sites? Oral hypoglycemics
What decreases liver glucose production, decreases intestinal glucose absorption, and enhances glucose utilization by other tissue? Metformin (Glucophage)
A very short-acting stimulant for insulin release? Repaglinide (Prandin)
What stimulates glucose transport into muscle and the liver without stimulation insulin secretion? Rosiglitazone (Avandia) and Pioglitazone (Actos)
What works in sm. intestine to delay glucose absorption? Miglitol (Glyset) and Acarbose (Presose)
What partially neutralizes gastric acids, thereby raising the pH? Antacids
What inactivates pepsin when the pH gets above 4? Antacids
What does aluminum cause? Constipation
What does magnesium cause? Diarrhea
What is the antidote for Coumadin? Vitamin K
What is the antidote for Heparin? Protamine sulfate
What is used for stroke prevention? Ticlopidine (Ticlid)
What acts locally to absorb (bind) water, gas, toxins, irritants, and nurtients in the bowel? Antidiarrheals
What acts to systemically slow peristalisis and increase the tone of smooth muscles and sphincters in the GI tract? Antidiarrheals
Used to treat acute and chronic diarrhea and to provide symptomatic relief from the flatulence and the abdominal cramping and distention that diarrhea may cause? Antidiarrheals
Side effects of antidiarrheals? Blurred vision, dry mouth, tachycardia, and urinary retention
Meds that work to decrease the uric acid levels in the body? Anti-Gout agents
A disease that is characterized by high uric acid. Gout
Side effects of anti-gout agents? Decreased WBC production, rash.
What kills or inhibits the growth of bacteria? Anti-infectives (Antibiotics)
Bacteriocidal = kills the organism.
Bacteriostatic = inhibits the growth of the organism.
Penicillins are bacteriocidal
Cephalosporins are bacteriocidal
Sulfonamides are bacteriostatic
Meds that are very ototoxic and nephrotoxic- need to follow blood levels? Aminoglycosides
Meds that increase the force of contraction? Cardiac glycosides
Meds that make the heart beat stronger and circulate blood more effectively and slows the HR? Cardiac glycosides
Meds used for people with weak heart muscles? Cardiac glycosides
Side effects of cardiac glycosides? Halo vision, diplopia, flickering lights, blurred vision
Cardiac glycoside med? Digoxin (Lanoxin)
Meds that promote excretion of water and sodium from the body? Diuretics
Side effects of diuretics? Hyponatremia, hypokalemia, orthostatic hypotension.
Meds that have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties; also mild anti-pyretic properties? NSAIDS
Side effects of NSAIDS? irritation of the GI tract, N/V, heartburn, diarrhea, constipation
What meds promote bowel movements? Stool softeners and laxatives
What meds incorporate water into stool, resulting in softer fecal mass? Stool softeners and laxatives
What meds prevent constipation? Stool softeners and laxatives
Side effects of stool softeners and laxatives? Abdominal cramps, bloating, diarrhea, flatulence, N/V
Antianemic med? Vitamins/Minerals
Blood clotting factor med? Vitamin K
Vitamin B complex med? Folic Acid
What is Vitamin K used for? Blood clotting
What is Folic Acid used for? normal production of RBC's and nucleo-proteins
What is iron used for? Anemia, restoration of serum iron stores.
Side effects of Vitamin K? N/V, stomach upset, HA
Used to reverse Vitamin K overdose? Heparin
Tylenol Acetaminophen
Aluminum Hydroxide (Amphogel)(Gaviscon) Antacids
Calcuim Carbonate (Rolaids) (Tums) Antacids
Magnesium Hydroxide (Phillips M.O.M. Antacids
Magnesium and Aluminum Combination (Mylanta, Gelusil, Maalox, Riopan) Antacids
Sodium Bicarbonate (Arm & Hammer baking soda) Antacids
Heparin Anticoagulants
Lovenox (Enoxaprin) Anticoagulants
Warfarin (Coumadin) Anticoagulants
Acetylsalicyclic Acid (ASA, Aspirin) Antiplatelet/Anticoagulants
Chopidogrel Bisulfate (Plavix) Antiplatelet/Anticoagulants
Abciximab (ReoPro) Inhibit platelet aggregation/Anticoagulants
Ticlopidine (Ticlid) Inhibit platelet aggregation/Anticoagulants
Humalog (Lispro) Antidiabetic agent
Regular insulin Antidiabetic agent
NPH insulin Antidiabetic agent
Lente insulin Antidiabetic agent
Ultra Lente insulin Antidiabetic agent
70/30 insulin Antidiabetic agent
Acetohexamide (Dimelor) Oral Hypoglycemics/Sulfonylureas/Antidiabetic agents
Chlorpropamide (Diabinese) Oral Hypoglycemics/Sulfonylureas/Antidiabetic agents
Glipizide (Glucotrol) Oral Hypoglycemics/Sulfonylureas/Antidiabetic agents
Glyburide (Diabeta) (Micronase) Oral hypoglycemics/Sulfonylureas/Antidiabetic agents
Tolazamide (Tolinase) Oral hypoglycemics/Sulfonylureas/Antidiabetic agents
Tolbutamide (Orinase) Oral hypoglycemics/Sulfonylrueas/Antidiabetic agents
Metformin (Glucophage) Antidiabetic agents
Acarbose (Precose) Antidiabetic agents
Repaglinide (Prandin) Antidiabetic agents
Rosiglitazone (Avandia) Antidiabetic agents
Pioglitazone (Actos) Antidiabetic agents
Difenoxin/Atropine (Motofen) Antidiarrheals
Diphenoxylate/Atropine (Lomotil, Lomanate, Lonox) Antidiarrheals
Loperamide Hydrochloride (Imodium) Antidiarrheals
Allopurinol (Zyloprim) Anti-Gout agents
Colchicine Anti-Gout agents
Amoxicillin (Amoxil) Anti-Infective/Antibiotics
Ampicillin (Ampicin)(Ominipen) Anti-Infective/Antibiotics
Penicillin G. (Bicillin) Anti-Infective/Antibiotics
Megacillin Anti-Infective/Antibiotics
Cefazolin (Ancef)(Kefzol) Anti-infective/Antibiotics
Cephalexin (Keflex) Anti-infective/Antibiotics
Cefaclor (Ceclor) Anti-infective/Antibiotics
Cefixime (Suprax) Anti-infective/Antibiotics
Ceftrixone (Rocephin) Anti-infective/Antibiotics
Trimethoprim and Sulfamethoxazole (combination drug) (Septra, Bactrim) Anti-infective/Antibiotics
Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine) Anti-infective/Antibiotics
Sulfisoxazole (Gantrisin) Anti-infective/Antibiotics
Gentamicin Anti-infective/Antibiotics
Tobramycin Anti-infective/Antibiotics
Streptomycin Anti-infective/Antibiotics
Amoxicillin- Clavulanic Acid (Augmentin) Anti-infective/Antibiotics
Ampicillin- Sulbactam Sodium (Unasyn) Anti-infective/Antibiotics
Ticarcillin- Clavulanic Acid (Timentin) Anti-infective/Antibiotics
Piperacillin- Tazobactam Sodium (Zosyn) Anti-infective/Antibiotics
Erythromycins Anti-infective/Antibiotics
Tetracyclines Anti-infective/Antibiotics
3 Sulfonamides: Trimethoprim and Sulfamethoxazole (Septra, Bactrim)Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine)Sulfisoxazole (Gantrisin)
3 Aminoglycosides: GentamicinTobramycinStreptomycin
4 Beta Lactamase inhibitors: Amoxicillin- Clavulanic Acid (Augmentin)Ampicillin- Sulbactam Sodium (Unasyn)Ticarcillin- Clavulanic Acid (Timentin)Piperacillin- Tozobactam Sodium (Zosyn)
3 Thiazide/Thiazide-like diuretics: Chlorothiazide (Diuril)Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)(Hydrodiuril, Esidrix)Metolazone (Zaroxolyn)(Diulo)
3 Loop Diuretics: Bumetanide (BUMEX)Ethacrynic Acid(Edecrin)Furosemide (Lasix)
2 Potassium Sparing diuretics: Triamterene (Dyrenium)Spironolactone (Aldactone)
Chlorothiazide (Diuril) Diuretic
Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)(Hydrodiuril, Esidrix) Diuretic
Metolazone (Zaroxolyn)(Diulo) Diuretic
Bumetanide (BUMEX) Diuretic
Ethacrynic Acid (Edecrin) Diuretic
Fruosemide (Lasix) Diuretic
Triamterene (Dyrenium) Diuretic
Spironolactone (Aldactone) Diuretic
Diclofenac (Voltaren) NSAIDS
Flurbiprofen (Ansaid) NSAIDS
Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin) NSAIDS
Indomethacin (Indocin) NSAIDS
Ketrolac (Toradol) NSAIDS
Naproxen and Naproxen Sodium (Naprasun, Anaprox, Alieve) NSAIDS
Phyenylbutazone (Butazolidin) NSAIDS
3 Fecal Softeners: Docusate Calcium (Surfak)(DC Softgels)Docusate Sodium (Colace)Bisacodyl (Dulcolax)
Docusate Calcium (Surfak, DC Softgels) Stool softeners and laxatives
Docusate Sodium (Colace) Stool softeners and laxatives
Bisacodyl (Dulcolax) Stool softeners and laxatives
3 stimulant/irritants: CascaraCastor OilPhenolphthalein (Exlax, Feenamint)
Cascara Stool softeners and laxatives
Castor Oil Stool softeners and laxatives
Phenolphthalein (Exlax, Feenamint) Stool softeners and laxatives
2 Hyperosmotics: GlycerinPolyethylene Glycol (GoLytely, CoLyte)
Glycerin Stool softeners and laxatives
Polyethylene Glycol (GoLytely, CoLyte) Stool softeners and laxatives
Magnesium salts (Magnesium Citrate, M.O.M.) Stool softeners and laxatives
Magnesium salts (Magnesium Citrate, M.O.M.) Saline laxative
Psyllium and Methylcellulose (Citrucel, Fiberall, Metamucil, Perdiem) Bulk-forming laxative
2 Iron vitamins: Ferrous Fumarate (Femiron)Ferrous Sulfate (Mol-Iron)
Vitamin K vitamin: Phytonadione (Aqua-Mephyton)
Folic Acid vitamin: Folic Acid (Folvite)
3 vitamins that are toxic in large quantities: Vitamin AVitamin DVitamin K
Created by: nellybell



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