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History Europe Test

Information about Europe, Ireland, and Italy

QuestionAnswer
What are Italians considered the most of out of all Europeans? Homogeneous.
Several thousand people speak German where? In Alpine Valleys north of the country.
Who are Valdotains? French speaking people that live in the Valle d'Aosta.
Which Slavic language is also spoken in the northeast of Italy? Slovenian.
What percentage of Italians speak Italian? 95.
Where did the standard form of Italian originate in? Tuscany.
Where are dialects of Italian difficult to understand spoken in? How many dialects? Sicily, Sardinia. Two.
Italian art began with _________ whose major cities were in the middle of the Italian peninsula. Etruscans.
What is a forum? A public meeting place in Rome that dates from the period of the Roman Empire.
Which period started in the 14th century had the greatest impact on Italian art? The Renaissance.
What are three forms of early Italian music? Gregorian chant, Troubador song, and Madrigal.
What is education for children between ages 6 and 14? Free and compulsory.
How many state and private universities are there in Italy? 27.
What is the oldest university in Italy? The university of Bologna.
What is the largest university in Italy? The university of Rome.
What is the most significant public health accomplishment in Italy? The almost complete elimination of malaria.
Who is the Italian railroad system owned by? The government.
What is one of the world's longest railroad tunnels? The Simplon Tunnel
What does the Simplon Tunnel connect? Switzerland and Italy.
When were the automobile expressways built in northern Italy? During the 1920's.
What are autostradas? Superhighways that connect the major cities of Italy.
When was the government a constitutional monarchy? 1861.
Since 1946 what type of government has Italy been? Republic.
Who is Italy's president elected by? Parliment.
How long are the president's terms? Seven Years.
What makes up the legislature? The chamber of deputies and the senate.
How long are legislature terms? five years.
How many regions are there in Italy? Provinces? 20, 103.
What are regions in central Italy? Tuscany, Marche, Umbrio, and Lazio.
Who was the "strong man who rose to power after WW1? Benito Mussolini.
What party did Mussolini lead? The fascist party.
What is another name for the fascist party? Blackshirts.
Why did the fascist party grow rapidly? Because Mussolini promised benefits.
Mussolini became known as what? Il Duce (The Leader.
What did Mussolini do to all other political parties? He abolished them.
What did Italy do to the African nation, Ethiopia? They invaded and defeated them.
What did Mussolini and Adolf Hitler start to oppose France and England? The Rome-Berlin Axis.
How did Italy join WWII? They attacked southeast France in 1940.
Did Italy have a strong enough military to fight a large war? No.
How did Italy's new constitution of 1948 change Italy? 1. Freedom of Religion 2. Monarchy and Fascist party were outlawed.
Which party has been the most powerful force in Italy's government since WWII? The Christian Democratic Party.
What is Ireland's nickname? Emerald Isle.
Why was Ireland given this nickname? For its greenness.
How many people worldwide are of Irish ancestry? 70 million.
How many people in the US have Irish heritage. 35 million.
Why is Ireland the Celtic Tiger? because of its strong economy in the 1990's.
What is Macgillycuddy's Reeks? Ireland's most famous mountain range.
What is Peat used for? Fuel.
How much of Ireland is occupied by peat bogs, marshes, mountains, and lakes? One-fourth.
What is the Great Shannon River? The longest River In the British Isles.
How many inches of rain are there in the west per year? 80.
How many inches of rain are there in the east per year? 30.
During what year were 26 countries independent from British rule? 1922.
What is the most common religion in Ireland? Roman Catholic.
What is the man's social club in Ireland? the pub.
What is a popular sport in Ireland similar to field hockey? Hurling.
What is Gaelic Football? A combination of soccer and rugby.
What was Irish(Gaelic) declared in 1937? The first official language of Ireland.
What percentage of the labor force in Ireland works in agriculture? 10%.
What two factors make Ireland on eof the world's best lands for growing grass? The North Atlantic Drift which brings warm water, and west atlantic winds which bring rain.
What accounts for about 85% of Ireland's agriculture? Cattle and Milk.
Where can you find the Great Book of Kells? In Dublin.
What is the Great Book of Kells? A hand illustrated collection of the four books of the New Testament.
What is located near the city of Cork? Blarney Castle, home of the Blarney stone.
What was the famine of the 1840s caused by? Fungus that attacked the potato crop.
How did the famine affect Ireland's population? They lost 1 million from starvation and disease and 1 million from emigrating to North America in poor cargo ships.
What shape is Italy? A boot shaped peninsula.
Where does Italy extend into? The Mediterranean Sea.
What was Italy named after? An ancient king named Italo.
When were the many seperate nations of the Italian peninsula united? In the mid-19th century.
What seperates Italy from France, Switzerland, and Austria? The Alps.
Who is Italy's neighbor to the northeast? Slovenia.
What does the toe of the Italian boot kick? Sicily.
What are the two small independent countries within Italy? Vatican city and the republic of San Marino.
What portion of Italy is covered with mountains and hills Two-thirds.
What is Italy's highest point? Gran Paradiso.
What makes up Italy's spine? The Apennine Range.
Which cities were destroyed in A.D 79? Pompeii and Herculaneum.
What is the largest lake in Italy? Garda.
Which two rivers are Italy's only navigable rivers? The Po and the Adige.
What river flows through Italy's capital city, Rome. The Tiber river.
What is one of Italy's important sources of power? Hydroelectricity.
Where does hydroelectricity come from? Swift-flowing alpine streams.
Who is the world's leading producer of marble? Italy.
Which Alps are topped with marble that looks like snow? The Apuane Alps.
What are the hot winds that blow cross southern Italy from the deserts of North Africa called? Scirocco.
What is the religion of the vast majority of Italians? Roman Catholic.
Who is the Patron Saint of Naples? San Gennaro.
What is Ferragosto? The two-week period beginning on August 15 when many Italians go on vacation.
When do Italians exchange gifts as an alternative to December 26? January 6 (the Feast of the Epiphany.
Until what age do you have to go to school in Italy? age 14.
What do Italians call middle or intermediate school? Scuola Media.
What is a Laurea? a doctors degree in Italy.
Which medical school dates back to the 9th century? The medical school at Salerno.
Who brought ice cream and cane sugar to Italy? Arabs.
Who returned from the Holy Land and what did they bring? The Crusaders brought lemon juice as a flavoring.
How many different shapes of pasta are there estimated to be. More than 100.
What pasta is named for its little worm shape? Vermicelli.
What is a celebration in San Daniele del Fruili? The Ham Fair.
What is the national sport of Italy? Soccer.
What was Italy's most famous opera singer until he died in 2007? Luchino Paravanti.
What is Italy's second largest city? Milan.
Why are people there compared to New Yorkers? Because the run instead of walking.
What is the heart of Milan? The huge Piazza Del Duomo.
What is the most famous opera house in the world? La Scala.
What is the Greek name for Naples that means "New City"? Neopolis.
What gave Naples massive problems in early 2008? Garbage Removal.
What did Venice call their city since the sea brought wealth to the city? The Bride of the Adriatic.
What do Italians call middle or intermediate school? Scuola Media.
What is a Laurea? a doctors degree in Italy.
Which medical school dates back to the 9th century? The medical school at Salerno.
Who brought ice cream and cane sugar to Italy? Arabs.
Who returned from the Holy Land and what did they bring? The Crusaders brought lemon juice as a flavoring.
How many different shapes of pasta are there estimated to be. More than 100.
What pasta is named for its little worm shape? Vermicelli.
What is a celebration in San Daniele del Fruili? The Ham Fair.
What is the national sport of Italy? Soccer.
What was Italy's most famous opera singer until he died in 2007? Luchino Paravanti.
What is Italy's second largest city? Milan.
Why are people there compared to New Yorkers? Because the run instead of walking.
What is the heart of Milan? The huge Piazza Del Duomo.
What is the most famous opera house in the world? La Scala.
What is the Greek name for Naples that means "New City"? Neopolis.
What gave Naples massive problems in early 2008? Garbage Removal.
What did Venice call their city since the sea brought wealth to the city? The Bride of the Adriatic.
When a sea route around Africa was discovered what did Venice lose? Its monopoly on the spice trade.
What city is the birthplace of the Renaissance in Italy? Florrence.
What river in Florence flooded in 1966 caused tremendous damage to the priceless works of art there? The Arno river.
What is buried in the Church of San Lorenzo that ruled Florence from the 14th to the 16th century. Medias.
What is Europe's main climate? Temperate.
What is a mouflon? Wild sheep with curling horns found on Corsica and Sardinia.
What is a narrow inlet where ocean comes in between cliffs? Fjords.
What does navigable mean? Deep enough to be traveled by boat.
What is a European superhighway? Autobahns.
What is a main deposit of oil and gas? The North Sea.
Whose eggs are the most expensive type of caviar. The Beluga Sturgeon.
What is Europe's longest river? The Volga river.
What is a french car manufacturer? Renault.
What is an animal called moose in Europe? Elk.
What type of climate is found in the British Isles? Maritime Climate.
What is an Italian game similar to lawn bowling? Boccie.
What is Europe's largest exporter of timber? Sweden.
What are most European Christians? Roman Catholic.
What is Europe's highest peak? Mount Elbrus.
What is a nimble Alpine animal? Ibex.
What is the "Land of a Thousand Lakes?" Finland.
What is the source of Europe's climate? The Gulf Stream.
What were the holy wars in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries? The Crusades.
What provides more employment for Europeans than any other economic activity? Service Industries.
What is a famous symbol of good luck? The White Stork.
What is the world's largest country? Russia.
What are native cats found in Caspian lowland deserts? Caracals.
What divides France and Spain? Pyrenees.
What are animals found in central Europe? Hedgehogs.
What is the fuel of Europe's early factories? Coal.
What traces the border between France and Switzerland? The Jura Mountains.
What is the number of EU countries in 1957? Six.
What is Europe's second longest river? The Danube river.
What is the climate found in central and eastern Europe? Continental Climate.
What is Europe's common currency? The euro.
What is the starting point of the Volga? The Valda Hills.
What is power provided by Europe's rivers? Hydroelectricity.
What was loved by European urbanites? Live theater.
Where does the Danube river empty into? The Black Sea.
What is a recently active volcano near Naples, Italy? Vesuvius.
What is a country with an average income per person less than $4,000? Moldova.
What is the world's smallest country? Vatican City.
What is a Swedish car manufacturer? Volvo.
What is a popular sport in the UK? Cricket.
What do geographers call Asia and Europe? Eurasia.
What is Europe's southern border? The Mediterranean Sea.
What is Europe's eastern border? The Ural mountains.
What is the world's largest saltwater lake? The Caspian Sea.
What percentage of Europeans are Muslim? Six percent.
Created by: hcr