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Vocab for Chapter 17

Myers 7th Edition - Chapter 17 Vocabulary

TERMDEFINITION
Psychotherapy An emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties.
Eclectic approach An approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy.
Psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud's therapeutic technique. Freud believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences - and the therapist's interpretations of them - released previous repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight.
Resistance In psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material.
Interpretation In psychoanalysis, the analysist's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors in order to promote insight.
Transference In psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent.)
Client-centered therapy A humanistic therapy, developed by carl rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic enivoroment to facilitate the clients' growth.
Active listening Empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restatesm abd clarifies. A feature of Rogers' client-centered therapy.
Behavior therapy Therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors.
Counterconditioning A behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors; based on the classical conditioning. Includes systematic desensitization and aversive conditioning.
Exposure therapies Behavioral techniques, such as systemiatic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people (in imagination or reality) to the things they fear and avoid.
Systematic desensitization A type of counterconditioning that associates a pleasant relaxed state with the gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias.
Aversive conditioning A type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) whith an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol).
Token economy An operant conditioning procedure that rewards desired behavior. A patient exchanges a token of some sort, earned for exhibiting the desired bahvior, for various priviledges or treats.
Cognitive therapy Therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions.
Cognitive-behavior therapy A popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changes self-defeating thinking) with the behavior therapy (changing behavior).
Family therapy Therapy that treats the family as a system. Views an indivual's unwated behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members; attempts to guide family members toward positive relationships and improved communication.
Regression toward the mean The tendency for extremes of unusual scores to fall back (regress) toward their average.
Meta-analysis A procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies.
Psychopharmacology The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior.
Lithium A chemical that provides an effective drug therapy for the mood swings of bipolar (manic-depressive) disorders.
Electroconvulsive therapy A biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized pateint.
Psychosurgery Surgery that remoes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior.
Lobotomy A now-rare psychosurigcal procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves that connect the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the innter brain.
Created by: shellenberger