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Psychopathology stud

All key studies for Psychopathology AQA Psych

Jahoda (not a study) Developed the characteristics of ideal mental health, including high self-esteem and self-actualisation
Rosenhan and Seligman Characteristics/ signs a person isn’t coping; observer discomfort, personal distress, maladaptive behaviour
Mowrer (not a study) Came up with the two-way process in explaining phobias, involving both classical conditioning for phobia initiation and operant conditioning for phobia maintenance.
Watson and Raynor Little Albert study – conditioned to fear a rat
Choy et al Compared treatments for phobias. Systematic and flooding both effective, but flooding slightly better.
Gilroy et al Tested systematic desensitisation – three sessions, followed up three and 33 months later. Effective.
Beck (not a study) Developed the Negative Triad theory of depression, which states that sufferers have a negative view of themselves, the world and the future.
Ellis (not a study) Developed the ABC model for explaining depression, with A = activating event, B = belief about that event, and C = the consequence of that belief.
Ellis Claimed a 90% success rate for REBT, a form of CBT, at treating depression
March et al Compared the efficacy of CBT, antidepressants, and a combination. CBT and antidepressants both had an 81% success rate, whilst a combination had 86% success.
Elkin Found that CBT was significantly less effective for people who have high levels of irrational beliefs
Nestadt Found that those who were first-degree relatives of sufferers of OCD were 5x more likely to develop the condition than the general population
Soomro Reviewed 17 studies and found that SSRIs were more effective (70% success) than a placebo at reducing symptoms after 3-months
Created by: SBlakeley
Popular Psychology sets




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