Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Social Influence

All key terms and key studies from Social Influence - AQA

Compliance Superficial type of conformity where people conform publicly by privately disagree
Internalisation Where people change their beliefs permanently
Identification Where people change their beliefs (sometimes temporarily) to fit in with a group or want to appear to belong to the group
Normative social influence An explanation for conformity which says we conform in order to fit in
Informational social influence An explanation for conformity which says we conform in order to make the correct decisions
Task difficulty A situational variable affecting conformity; the harder the challenge, the more people conform (due to ISI)
Group size A situational variable affecting conformity; the bigger the majority, the more we conform (due to NSI and/or ISI)
Unanimity of the majority A situational variable affecting conformity; if the group all agree, we are more likely to conform (due to NSI and/or ISI)
Proximity A situational variable affecting obedience; the closer the authority and the further away the victim, the more we obey
Location A situational variable affecting obedience; the more official the environment (e.g. a University lab), the more we obey
Uniform A situational variable affecting obedience; a person’s official clothing may signify high status
Allies A situational variable affecting obedience; if other people are disobeying, we are less likely to obey
Legitimacy of authority An explanation for obedience which says we follow people who have power over us because they are higher up the social hierarchy, especially if they have the support of an institutional framework
Institutional framework The backing needed to lend legitimacy to an authority - for example, the military is the institutional framework helping superior ranks to be legitimate.
Agentic state Individual carries out the orders of another person, acting on their behalf – feeling no personal responsibility
Moral strain Negative feelings brought on by following a command that goes against our values and beliefs
Binding factors Factors in a study which reduce moral strain and allow us to obey (e.g. not being held responsible)
Authoritarian Personality A dispositional explanation for obedience that says some are taught to have extreme respect for authority, while having contempt for inferior social status.
F Scale Adorno’s questionnaire scale method of measuring a person’s level of authoritarianism
Social support An explanation for resistance to social influence which states it is easier to resist if other people are resisting – since negative consequences are shared.
Internal locus of control An explanation for resistance to social influence which focuses on individual beliefs. Those with this mindset believe that they are responsible for their future and prefer to be leaders, so are less likely to obey or conform.
Consistency A characteristic needed by a minority to be influential. Keeping the same goals throughout.
Commitment A characteristic needed by a minority to be influential. Being willing to take risks and stick to your cause.
Flexibility A characteristic needed by a minority to be influential. Being reasonable and able to compromise
Drawing attention to the issue The first step needed for a social change to occur; the minority must be visible and vocal, by making protests
Cognitive conflict When the majority have to consider the minority's views, and it creates a debate
Augmentation principle A vital stage in social change whereby the minority takes risks and is willing to make sacrifices
Snowball effect Where the members of the majority slowly begin to agree with the minority, who convince other members, who then convince other members in an exponential way
Jenness Participants guessing the number of beans in a jar would change their second guess to be closer to the group estimate
Asch Participants conformed to confederates and said the wrong answer in a simple line-matching task 33% of the time
Asch variations Changed the difficulty of the task, the group size, the unanimity of the majority and whether they answered out loud or in private
Zimbardo Created a fake prison environment at Stanford University to see if student participants would conform to their roles
Milgram Got 65% of participants to 'shock' a confederate to 450Vs, just because of the presence of an authority figure in a lab coat
Milgram variations Changed the proximity of the authority and victim, tried with and without the lab coat, and moved the experiment to a run-down office
Hofling Studied obedience in real life hospital, where 21/22 nurses broke strict rules because an unknown doctor told them to over the phone
Adorno Created the Authoritarian Personality explanation of obedience, claiming some are just more likely to be obey because of their parents
Elms & Milgram Discovered that obedient participants in the original shock study were likely to have a higher F score
Avtgis Discovered that people with a high internal locus of control were significantly less likely to be persuaded, influenced or to conform - compared to high external LoC
Moscovici Found that a consistent minority (8%) were significantly more influential than an inconsistent one (1%) in a colour perception test
Nemeth & Brilmayer Jurors were more likely to be influenced by a confederate juror who was willing to compromise over the level of compensation given to the victim
Created by: SBlakeley
Popular Psychology sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards