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TED 120-2010

QuestionAnswer
AAC Advanced Audio Coding is a standardized compression and encoding scheme for digitalaudio. Designed to be the successor of the MP3 format, AAC generally achieves better soundquality than MP3 at similar bit rates.
Apps Application software is computer software designed to help the user perform a particular task. Such programs are also called software applications, applications or apps (Apps 2.0 is for mobile devices). Typical examples are word processors, spreadsheets,
Back Up To create a duplicate copy on another storage medium for use in case the original copy is lost.
Bandwidth The carrying capacity (size of the “roadway”) of electronic transmission media for sending and receiving information.
Beta It is a nickname for software, which has passed the alpha (beta is the second letter in the Greek alphabet) testing stage of development and has been released to a limited number of users forsoftware testing before its official release. Beta testing all
Blog A blog (weblog) is a web site, where you write substance (such as in a journal or diary) in a reverse chronological order. New substance shows up at the top, so your visitors can read what's new. Then they comment on it or link to it or email you. Or not.
Bluetooth This technology is named after the King of Denmark and Norway known for hisunification of previously warring tribes from Denmark, Sweden (where the Bluetooth technology was invented), and Norway. Bluetooth likewise was intended to unify different techno
BMP Oldest format for saving images on a computer. Good for saving a background orwallpaper. A bitmap is characterized by the width and height of the image in pixels and the number of bits per pixel, which determines the number of colors it can represent. M
Bookmarks A collection of URLs that have been saved by using the bookmark function of thebrowser, allowing the user to go to a desired web page again without having to retype its URL; also known as favorites.
Booting Up The process of powering on a computer during which it reads the instructions stored inROM to tell it how to start itself up.
Browser A web browser is a software application that enables a user to display and interact withHTML documents hosted by web servers. Popular browsers in the ETC at UW-RF (EducationTechnology Center) are Explorer, Mozilla, Firefox, and Safari. The largest net
Byte Eight bits (on-off pulses) of data, roughly equal to one alphabetical (A) or numeric (1)character of information.
Cable Modem A specialized modem that provides high-speed connections for digital access viacable lines that are already installed for cable television. Users can use speeds up to 100 to 1000times faster than is possible with a standard modem and a telephone line.
CD-R A type of compact disc on which the user can record (write)data. Once recorded, the data cannot be changed. Each disc is capable of storing approximately600 megabytes of data (text, sound, graphics, animation, or video).
CD-R/W A type of compact disc that allows the user to record manytimes and to change the data stored on the CD. Each disc is capable of storing approximately 600megabytes of data (text, sound, graphics, animation, and/or video).
Clip art A term that is carried over from the days of manual page layout, but now refers tocollections of prepared artwork that can be inserted into electronic documents.
Cookies They are tiny text files embed on the user's hard drive that internet businesses employedto track their users freely; giving them the profitability per unique visitor. Now, with theproliferation of antispyware programs that can delete unwanted cookies
CSS Cascading Style Sheets allow you to control the layout and look of your web page easily. CSSproperties are easy to use and affect the look while adding style to your web documents.
Desktop Publishing (DTP) Software Software that can not only perform typical word-processingtasks, but also make extensive and precise adjustments to page displays, such as creating anattractive arrangement of graphics and text on a page.
Digital Camera A camera that takes pictures and stores them digitally rather than on photographicfilm. Photos are stored in the camera’s memory card or on a disk inside the camera and thentransferred to a computer for processing or display.
Digital Divide A descriptive term referring to the gap between those who have ready access to andknowledge of digital technologies and those who do not.
Digital Native/Immigrant Terms used to describe those people born into the technologyage/generation as opposed to those born in the 70’s who had to make the transition/shift totechnology.
DOS (Disc Operating System) A term used to format a floppy disk for use in a digital camera.
DPI (dots per inch) A measure of resolution in printers and some other output devices.
Drill-and-practice software Software that uses a behaviorist format that offers rewards followingsuccessful completion of routine exercises.
Electronic Gradebooks Grading tools that let a teacher store and easily average students’ grades.
Electronic Mail An asynchronous communication method in which a written message can be sentfrom one user to another; messages can include extended attachments enhancing the originalmessage with animated graphics, audio, and compressed video clips in addition to text.
ERIC A national information system that is supported by the U.S. Department of Education, theU.S. Office of Educational Research and Improvement, and the National Library of Education; theworld’s largest database of education information, with more than on
Firewall A combination of software and hardware that provides various levels of securitymeasures designed to keep computer hackers out of networks and to keep data safe.
Flatbed Scanner A scanner with a flat glass plate on which the original is placed (allowing theuser to scan a page from a book); a cover can then be placed over the back of the original to blockambient light during the scan process.
Flashstick or Thumb Drive It is a computer hardware device that stores data. Also known as"memory sticks"; they’re cable of holding large amounts of data (+500 MB) and plugs into the USBport.
Folder A digital organizer that is created by the user to hold related files on a disk; also known as adirectory in non-Windows operating systems.
GIF (graphic interchange format) A graphics format that is used primarily for animated art,color images, clip art, line art, and gray-scale images.
Gigabyte Approximately one billion bytes of data or characters of data.
Hardcopy The printed version of material generated by a computer. It is the most common outputof a computer other than what appears on the monitor screen.
Home Page On a web site, a welcome page that orients the visitor to the site and provides aconnection to additional information pages.
Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) The formatting language that is used to determine howthe information presented on web pages will look.
Hyperlink A graphic or segment of text on a web page that contains instructions to link to anotherweb page or a different web site.
Icon A small graphic image that represents one of a GUI’s system options.
Instructional Action Plan (IAP) A template in which the teacher is prompted to list lessonrequirements and to detail what he or she will need for successful implementation.
Jpeg (Joint Photographic Experts Group) The agreed-upon standard for high-resolutionimages; pronounced “jay-peg.”
Keyboard The primary input device for a computer. A typical computer keyboard is laid outmuch like the keys on the typewriter but with several additional keys, not typically found on atypewriter, that are used to control the computer or give software commands.
Kilobyte Approximately 1000 bytes or 1000 characters of data.
LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) A display screen made of two sheets of a flexible polarizing materialwith a layer of liquid crystal solution between the two.
Link A connection to another point on the web, either on the same document, on a different pageof the site, or on another web site altogether.
Megabyte One million bytes or 1,000,000 characters of data.
Megapixel The term megapixel means 1,000,000+ pixels. More pixels mean higher resolution,better quality, as well as a physically larger picture and a file that takes up a large amount of diskstorage space. Older or cheaper cameras take pictures in 640 x 480 mod
Memory A series of RAM chips that provides temporary, volatile electronic storage that is used bythe CPU to store short-term data.
Menu A listing of command options. In the Windows and Mac operating systems, commandmenus appear across the top of open windows.
MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) It is an industry-standard protocol that enableselectronic musical instruments, computers, cell phones, and other equipment to communicate,control, and synchronize with each other. It simply transmits digital data such as the pitch, intensityof musi
Monitor The primary output device of a computer that displays its information on its screen.Monitor screens typically have higher resolution that TV screens.
Mouse A pointing device that rolls about on the user’s desk. It is often called a “work-alike”device because it moves the cursor on the computer screen in the same direction that the user movesthe mouse on the desk.
MOV The file type of one of the most popular digital video formats; it is known as QuickTime,and the file type is abbreviated as MOV for “movie.”
MP3 (Moving Picture Experts Group Audio Layer 3) An audio compression technology thatprovides high-quality sound in one twelfth of the space that the same sound would take in previousformats of audio files.
MP4 MPEG-4 is a multimedia container format standard that is most commonly used to storedigital audio and digital video streams; it is often referred to simply as MP4.
Navigation Buttons Connections or links to other locations on the same or a different web site;they are usually colored or underlined words or graphics, and when they are passed over with a cursor, the cursor arrow turns into a pointing hand, indicating something that can
Open Source Software OSS is computer software for which the source code is made availableunder a copyright license for the public domain. An OSS license grants rights to users, which wouldotherwise be prohibited by copyright laws. This permits users to use, change, and im
Password A combination of letters and numerals that a user must enter along with the login nameas a second level of security.
PDF Files Portable document files that have been saved in Adobe Acrobat format so that thepublication appears exactly as it would look on the printed page, including custom layouts, photos,and other graphics; these files require the use of Acrobat Reader to dis
Phishing It is usually a two-part scam involving an email and a fraudulent website. Fraudsters sendemails urging customers to click on a link, which directs them to a website requesting confidentialaccount and personal information. Information captured on this
Pixel The smallest unit of information in an image. Each pixel represents a portion of the image ina specific color. The term pixel stands for “picture element.”
PICT It is a graphics file format introduced on the original Apple Macintoshcomputer in 1984 as its standard file format. With the change to Mac OS X, PICT was dropped infavor of Portable Document Format (PDF) as the native file format, though PICT is stil
PNG (portable network graphics) It is an extensible file format for the lossless, portable, wellcompressedstorage of images. PNG provides a patent-free replacement for GIF and can alsoreplace many common uses of TIFF.
Podcasting It is a term coined in 2004 when the use of RSS syndication technologies becamepopular for distributing audio content for listening on mobile devices (iPods) and personalcomputers. A podcast is a web feed of audio or video files placed on the Internet
Port A connection on a computer into which peripheral devices can be plugged.
Portal A site on the Internet that offers an assortment of services, such as a search engine, news,email, conferencing, electronic shopping, and chat rooms.
PSD (photoshop document) Allows you to reopen the image and continue work exactly were youleft off. Extremely memory intensive, but it allows you to modify or continually update it at a laterdate. Warning, most browsers will not recognize a PSD. *You also have the option to m
RAM (random access memory) The series of chips that make up a computer system’s temporarymemory area. This area empties when the application is closed and fills up again when the useropens a new application.
ROM (read-only memory) The initial instructions for computer start-up are stored inside thecomputer in these ROM tiny silicon chips.
Resolution/size Resolution means the quality of the photo that you are taking.
RSS The technology of RSS (Really Simple Syndication) allows Internet users tosubscribe to websites that have provided RSS feeds; these are typically sites that change or addcontent regularly.
Search Engine A special program on the Internet that allows the user to type in keywords to lookfor online material that contains those words or topics.
Soft Copy Data that is still in an electronic form within the computer. Soft copy is volatile; it willdisappear when power to the machine is cut off.
Software Computer programs created to accomplish specific tasks or perform specific functions.
Storage A nonvolatile, electronic space on a magnetic or optical disc that the computer can use tostore instructions and data for use at a later time.
Storyboarding A technique that is used to plan a video sequence by sketching each of the mainplanned image ideas (and script if desired), one per card, to allow to planner to consider therelationships of the video images, sound, and use and positioning (staging) of
Streaming Audio An audio technology for the web that sends audio in a continuous stream or flowto allow the user to listen to the audio as it is received by the browser.
Streaming Video A video technology that compresses and plays back digital video that is sent in acontinuous stream, allowing the user to view the video clip while it is being downloaded over theInternet.
SWF The file format (acronym of "Shockwave Flash", pronounced swiff) is under the control ofAdobe. Intended to be small enough for publication on the web, SWF files can be used for creatinganimated display graphics, menus for DVD movies and television com
Terabyte A terabyte (derived from the prefix tera) is a measurement term for data storagecapacity. The value of a terabyte is defined as one trillion bytes, or 1000 gigabytes.
TIFF (tagged image file format) A file format used for high quality publications because there isno color bleed. High file size, but a great format if you want to publish a picture as a high qualityhardcopy print.
Uniform Resource Locator (URL) The address for a web page (the designation for a specificlocation) on the World Wide Web; the most common type of URL typically begins with http://wwwfollowed by a web site’s domain name.
Universal Serial Bus (USB) Just about any computer you buy today comes with one or moreUSB connectors on the front/back. These connectors allow you to connect anything from mice, toprinters, to digital camera, speakers, telephones, etc. to you computer quickly and easily. Most
Video Camera A camera that records sound and images on magnetic tape that can be played backby using a VCR. Also called a camcorder (camera and recorder).
Video Cassette Recorder (VCR) A type of recorder that uses a VHS magnetic tape for recordingmoving images and can also record video as it is being transmitted for delayed playback.Prerecorded tapes can be played in class and stopped for discussion when desired.
Virus A program written specifically to disrupt computer operation and/or destroy data.
Vlog A video blog is a blog (short for weblog) which uses video as the primary content; the videois linked to within a videoblog post and usually accompanied by supporting text, image, andadditional meta data to provide context.
WAV File The digital version of analog audio. WAV files maintain the quality of the originalsound, but the file size is often very large.
Web 2.0 It refers to what is perceived as a second generation of web development and web design.It is characterized as facilitating communication, information sharing, user-centered design andcollaboration on the WWW. It has led to the development and evoluti
Web Hosting A service by which the user can upload the pages of a web site to the web hostserver, usually via an FTP program, which then makes the site available on the web; such servicescan be free or charge a monthly or annual fee.
Web Page A document written in HTML that displays information for use on the web and maycontain a series of hyperlinks to other resources on the web.
Web Site A collection of related web pages, frames or sheets.
Wireless Network A network in which information is transmitted via infrared, radio wave, ormicrowave technology rather than through wires
WIKI The first ever WIKI site was created for the Portland Pattern Repository in 1995. WIKI is apiece of server software that allows users to freely create and edit Web page content using any Webbrowser. It’s can be thought of as a combination of a Web sit
Wii Remote Sometimes unofficially nicknamed "Wiimote"; Nintendo released this wirelesscontroller in 2006. A main feature of the Wii Remote is its motion sensing capability, which allowsthe user to interact with and manipulate items on screen via gesture recognit
WiMax Meaning Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access is a telecommunicationstechnology that provides wireless transmission for entire cities. The technology provides broadbandspeed without the need for cables. It enables the delivery of wireless br
World Wide Web The part of the Internet that uses a graphical user interface and hypertext linksbetween different addresses to allow easier navigation from one site of interest to another.
WY-FI It is a wireless technology brand owned by the Wi-Fi Allianceintended to improve the interoperability of wireless local area network products. Commonapplications for Wi-Fi include the Internet and phone access, gaming, and network connectivity forco
XML (Extensible Markup Language) It is a recommended general-purpose markup languagefor creating special-purpose markup languages, capable of describing many different kinds of data.Its primary purpose is to facilitate the sharing of data across different systems, particularly system
Zip Drive It is a computer hardware device that stores data. A zip disk drive is somewhat likefloppy disk drive, only that the size of disks inserted into the devices are different and the storagecapacity of a zip is much (+750) larger.
Created by: tbudworth