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Definitions from Philosophy class

Vagueness unknown whether phrase is applicable not based on lack of knowledge but because of "boarderline cases"
Ambiguity Phrase with two or more distinct meanings; situation does not specify which meaning is intended
Definiendum Phrase, word, or symbol being defined
Definiens Definition or that which is used to explain the prhase, word, or symbol in question
Denotation Dictionary definition of a term
Reportive connotative meaning of the word; how people actually use it; can be true or false
Stipulative A meaning is assigned to a word; can be a new meaning given to a previously used word or a new word used to specifically describe something
Enumerative defining by giving a list of examples
Ostensive Pointing to something and saying "that, is a 'blank'"
Operational determines whether a phrase is correctly applied (very much like reportive, watch out); "X has property if and only if Y is the case"
Necessary The individual attributes that are required to describe the example
Sufficient All of the necessary conditions required to dertermine whether an object has a particular concept
Cluster Concept Relevent, but not always necessary conditions used to describe a particular subject
Ad Hominem Abusive Attacks speaker's character, background, associates, or competence
Ad Hominem Genetic Attacks origin of person's beliefs or viewpoint
Ad Hominem Cicumstantial Attacks person's interest in having others accept their position
Ad Hominem You-Too Attacks the fact that the speaker does not practice what they are preaching
Appeal to Tradition Claims a belief or practice should not be altered simply because it "has always been that way"
Appeal to Ignorance If X isn't proven, it's false; if X isn't disproven, it's true
Slippery Slope X cannot happen because horrible things Y Z and Q will happen because of it, ending in disaster.
Begging the Question An argument that just restates its own conclusion, instead of actually giving a premise
False Dilemma Only a limited number of conclusions are given, assuming one other the other must be true, and other possible conclusions are ignored
Created by: WolfCalledTurtle
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