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Chapter 17 Therapies

ap psych vocab.

WordDefinition
Psychotherapy an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties
Eclectic Approach an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses thechniques from various forms of therapy
Psychoanalysis Freud's belief that patient's free association, dreams, and transferences released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight
Resistance the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material
Interpretation the analyst's noting supposed supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors in order to promote insight
Transferance the patient's transfer to the analtyst of emotions linked with other relationships
Client-Centered Therapy humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients' growth
active listening empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies
behavior therapy therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
counterconditioning a behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors; based on classical conditioning
exposure therapies behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people
systematic desensitization a type of counterconditioning that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli (treating phobia)
aversive conditioning a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state with unwanted behavior (alcohol)
token economy an operant conditioning procedure that rewards desired behavior
cognitive therapy therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions
cognitive-behavior therapy a popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy with behavior therapy
family therapy therapy that treats the family as a system
meta-analysis a procedure for statistcally combining the results of many diff.research studies
psychopharmacology the study of the effects of drugs on mind & behavior
lithium a chemical that provides an effective drug therapy for the mood swings of bipolar disorders
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) a biomedical therapy for severly depressed patioents in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anestheized patient
psychosurgery surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior
lobotomy a now0rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients
Created by: xkrissyx2011