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comm 150 test 2

terms - ch.15

Public speaking apprehension A type of communication anxiety (or nervousness), is the level of fear you experience when anticipating or actually speaking to an audience
Anticipation reaction The level of anxiety you experience prior to giving the speech, including the nervousness you feel while preparing and waiting to speak
Confrontation reaction The surge in your anxiety level that you feel as you begin your speech
Adaptation reaction The gradual decline of your anxiety level that begins about one minute into the presentation and results in your anxiety level declining to its pre-speaking level in about five minutes
Visualization A method that reduces apprehension by helping you develop a mental picture of yourself giving a masterful speech
Systematic desensitization A method that reduces apprehension by gradually having you visualize increasingly more frightening events
Public speaking skills training The systematic teaching of the skills associated with the processes involved in preparing and delivering an effective public speech, with the intention of improving speaking competence and thereby reducing public speaking apprehension.
Pitch The scaled highness or lowness of the sound a voice makes
Volume The degree of loudness of the tone you make as you normally exhale, your diaphragm relaxes, and air is expelled through the trachea
Rate The speed at which you talk
Quality The tone, timbre, or sound of your voice
Articulation Using the tongue, palate, teeth, jaw movement, and lips to shape vocalized sounds that combine to produce a word
Pronunciation The form and accent of various syllables of a word
Accent The articulation, inflection, tone, and speech habits, typical of the natives of a country, a region, or even a state or city
Facial expression Eye and mouth movement
Gestures Movement of your hands, arms and fingers that describe and emphasize what you are saying
Movement Motion of the entire body
Posture The position or bearing of the body
Poise Refers to assurance of manner
Conversational style An informal style of presenting a speech so that your audience feels you are talking with them, not at them
Enthusiasm Excitement or passion about your speech
Vocal expressiveness The contrasts in pitch, volume, rate, and quality that affect the meaning an audience gets from the sentences you speak
Emphasis Giving different shades of expressiveness to words
Monotone A voice in which the pitch, volume, and rate remain constant with no word, idea, or sentence differing significantly from any other
Spontaneity A naturalness that seems unrehearsed or memorized
Fluency Speech that flows easily, without hesitations and vocal interferences
Eye contact Looking directly at the people with whom you are speaking
Impromptu speeches Speeches that are delivered with only seconds or minutes of advance notice for preparation and usually presented without referring to notes of any kind
Scripted speeches Those that are prepared by creating a complete written manuscript and delivered by rote memory or by reading a written copy
Extemporaneous speeches Speeches that are researched and planned ahead of time, although the exact wording is not scripted and will vary from presentation to presentation
Rehearsing Practicing the presentation of your speech aloud
Speech notes Word or phrased outlines of your speech
Created by: mjbarne