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comm 150 test 2

terms - ch.11

Role A specific pattern of behavior that one group member performs based on the expectations of other members
Task-related roles Specific patterns of behavior that directly help the group accomplish its goals
Initiator A group member who gets the discussion started or moves it in a new direction
Information or opinion giver A group member who provides content for the discussion
Information or opinion seeker A group member who probes others for their factual ideas and opinions
Analyzer A group member who probes the content, reasoning, and evidence of members during discussions
Orienter A group member who indicates to the group that it is off track or summarizes points of agreement and disagreement among members
Maintenance roles Patterns of behavior that help the group develop and maintain good member relationships, group cohesiveness, and effective levels of conflict
Gatekeeper A group member who ensures that everyone has an opportunity to speak and be heard
Encourager A group member who provides support for the contributions of the team members
Harmonizer A group member who helps the group relieve tension and manage conflict
Self-centered roles Patterns of behavior that focus attention on individuals’ needs and goals at the expense of the group
Aggressor A group member who seeks to enhance his or her own status by criticizing almost everything or blaming others when things get rough and by deflating the ego or status of others
Withdrawer A group member who meets his or her own goals at the expense of group goals by not participating in the discussion or the work of the group
Blocker A group member who routinely rejects others’ views and stubbornly disagrees with emerging group decisions
Formal leader An assigned, appointed or elected leader who is given legitimate power to influence others
Informal leader Members of the group whose authority to influence stems from the power they gain through their interactions in the group
Joker a group member who attempts to draw attention to himself or herself by clowning, mimicking, or generally making a joke of everything
Leadership is a process of influencing members to accomplish group goals
Created by: mjbarne