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Chapter 5

Energy and energy resources

Energy The ability to cause change
Kinetic energy Energy due to motion
Potential energy Stored energy due to the interaction between objects or particles
Work The transfer of energy that occurs when a force is applied over a distance
Mechanical energy The total energy of an object or group of objects, due to large scale, motions, and interactions
Sound energy The energy that sound carries
Thermal energy Energy due to the motion of particles that make up an object
Electric energy The energy that an electric current carries
Radiant energy The energy that electromagnetic waves carry
Nuclear energy Energy that is stored in the nucleus of an atom
Law of conservation of energy States that Energy can be transformed from one form into another, or transferred from one region to another, but energy cannot be created or destroyed
Friction A force that resists the sliding of two surfaces that are touching
Nonrenewable energy resource And energy resource that is available in limited amounts, or that is used faster than it is replaced in nature
Fossil fuels The remains of ancient organisms that can be burned as an energy source
Renewable energy resource And energy resource that is replaced as fast as, or faster than, it is used
Inexhaustible energy resource An energy resource that cannot be used up
Created by: Jergertigers
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