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Chapter 6

Thermal Energy

Thermal energy The sound of the kinetic energy and potential energy of the particles that make up a material
Temperature Represents the average kinetic energy of the particles that make up a material
Heat The movement of thermal energy from a warmer object to a cooler object
Radiation The transfer of thermal energy from one material to another by electromagnetic waves
Conduction The transfer of thermal energy between materials by the collisions of particles
Thermal conductor A material through which thermal energy flows easily
Thermal insulator Material through which thermal energy does not flow easily
Specific heat The amount of thermal energy required to increase the temperature of 1 kg of material by 1°C
Thermal contraction A decrease in a materials volume when it’s temperature decreases
Thermal expansion An increase in materials volume when it’s temperature increases
Convection The transfer of thermal energy by the movement of particles from one part of a material to another
Convection current The movement of fluids in a cycle because of convection
Created by: Jergertigers
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