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PS Chapter 8

States of Matter

Solid Matter that has a definite shape, and a definite volume
Liquid Matter with a definite volume, but no definite shape
Viscosity A measurement of a liquids resistance to flow
Surface tension The uneven forces acting on the particles on the surface of a liquid
Gas Matter that has no definite volume and no definite shape
Vapor The gas state of a substance that is normally a solid or a liquid at room temperature
Kinetic energy The energy an object has due to its motion
Temperature A measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particles in an object
Thermal energy The total potential and kinetic energy of an object
Vaporization The change in state of a liquid into a gas
Evaporation Vaporization that occurs only at the surface of a liquid
Condensation The change of state from a gas to a liquid
Sublimation A change of state from a solid to a gas without going through the liquid state
Deposition A change of state of a gas to a solid without going through the liquid state
Kinetic molecular theory An explanation of how particles in matter behaves
Pressure The amount of force applied per unit of area
Boyles law States that pressure of a gas increases if the volume decreases and pressure of a gas decreases if the volume increases, when temperature is constant
Charles’s law States that the volume of a gas increases with increasing temperature, if the pressure is constant
Created by: Jergertigers
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