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Sub Saharan Africa Vocabulary

Escarpment a long, steep slope, especially one at the edge of a plateau or separating areas of land at different heights.
Cataract a waterfall containing great volumes of water rushing over a precipice.
Rift Valley a lowland region that forms where Earth's tectonic plates move apart, or rift
Fault a fracture or zone of fractures between two blocks of rock.
Delta wetlands that form as rivers empty their water and sediment into another body of water, such as an ocean, lake, or another river.
Estuary a partially enclosed, coastal water body where freshwater from rivers and streams mixes with salt water from the ocean
Leach the process of water carrying soluble substances or small particles through soil or rock
Savanna typically hot, dry land with seasonal rains and tall grasses
Harmattan cool dry wind that blows from the northeast or east in the western Sahara and is strongest from late November to mid-March
Sanitation the ability to maintain hygienic conditions, through services such as garbage collection, industrial and hazardous waste management, and wastewater treatment and disposal
Urbanization the movement and concentration of large groups of people to cities
Domesticate the taming of both plants and animals for human use
Apartheid a system of legislation that upheld segregation against non-white citizens of South Africa
Universal Suffrage the right of all adult citizens to vote in an election
Mass Culture he universe of cultural consumer goods that are distributed massively in the market
Lingua Franca a language used to aid communication and commerce between people with different native languages. A common language shared by people from many language backgrounds.
Oral tradition a community's cultural and historical traditions passed down by word of mouth or example from one generation to another without written instruction
Extended family A household in which parents, children, grandparents, and other relatives live
Clan a group (as in the Scottish Highlands) made up of households whose heads claim to have a common ancestor
Nuclear Family a father and a mother, or a single parent, and their children
Subsistence Farming people grow a variety of crops in order to feed their families and not to sell those crops on the markets.
Shifting Farming the practice of farming by clearing land for farming by slashing vegetation and burning debris, farming there for a while, then moving on and repeating the process.
Sedentary Farming Farming in the same place generation after generation
Commercial Farming Farming for money, not for survival
Cash Crop an agricultural crop that is purposely made strictly to be sold in a market environment for as much money as possible
Conservation Farming Farming in a way to reduce any damage done to the earth by practicing crop rotation and avoiding the use of pesticides and chemicals.
Infrastructure The structures needed for society to be successful: roads, sewage, electricity, etc.
E-commerce a type of business model in which business transactions are done over the world wide web or over an electronic medium.
Poaching the illegal trafficking and killing of wildlife
Eco-tourism traveling to natural areas with a focus on environmental conservation. Ex. Going on a safari in Kenya where animals are treated well and the profits from the safari help the people and animals of Kenya.
Created by: clevelandv
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