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AP Psych Unit 6


Germinal Stage beginning @ conception, the fertilized off drops down the fallopian tube.After cell division occurs and implantation begins.
Embryonic Stage begins 3rd week after conception; development of major structures; ends after the 8th week with basic brain structures and the CNS.
Fetal Stage 9th week-birth; by the end of the third month the fetus will have all of its body parts
Teratogen a harmful environmental factor during pregnancy EX: drug use or disease
What are the impacts of maternal drug use? low birth weight, neuro problems, <3 defects, body malformations, and weakened immune system
Prenatal Care prevents or lessens effect from possible teragons a mother may be exposed to.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome FAS; a group of health conditions associated with alcohol use during pregnancy.
Easy Temperment child is typically calm, adaptable, and has normal sleeping and eating habits
Active Temperment child is fussy, overreactive, fearful of new situations, and has irregular eating and sleeping habits
Cautious child is slow to warm up to new ppl and situations, may occasionally act fussy
The Baby Lab an experiment on babies, showed them nice and mean puppets -> most preferred nice puppet after watching
Rooting Reflex baby turns face toward a stimulus, makes sucking noise when cheek is touched
Sucking Reflex baby will suck when the root of their mouth is touched
Grasping Reflex babies grasp objects that touched their palm
Moro Reflex when startled, babies throw their heads back, extend their arms and legs in and out, and cry
Babinski Reflex when the sole of a baby's foot is touched toes curl towards stimulus
Attachment Theory the theory that humans need to form both emotional and physical relationships with their caregivers
Harry Harlow experimented on newborn monkeys, taking them away from their mothers and placing them with a terry cloth "monkey" to observe any abnormalities during development
Authoritative Parenting nurturing. responsive, and supportive, yet sets firm boundaries and rules
Authoritarian Parenting extremely strict; places high expectations on the child with little communication
Permissive Parenting ow demands with high responsiveness; tend to be very loving, yet provide few guidelines and rules
Negligent/Non-Parenting unresponsive to their child's needs or desires beyond the basics of food, clothing, and shelter if that
ASD Autism spectrum disorder;
What are some treatments for ASD? Medication, social skills training speech therapy, special ed programs
Sensorimotor Stage Birth-2 yrs; experiment the world through 5 senses and action -->Object permanence + stranger anxiety
Preoperational Stage 2-7 yrs: represent things with words and images; intuition over logic --> Pretend play + egocentrism
Concrete Operational Stage 7-11 yrs; thinking logically about concrete events; understanding analogies and math
Formal Operational Stage 12 yrs-adult; abstract reasoning and moral decision-making
Preconventional Moral Reasoning Birth-9 yrs; moral values reside in a person's own needs and wants; fear of punishment promote obedience
Conventional Moral Reasoning Early adolescence; moral value resides in performing good or right roles, in maintaining the conventional order, and in pleasing others; hopes to get along promotes obedience
Postconventional Moral Reasoning Late adolescence-adulthood; moral value resides in principles, occasionally puts rules aside to pursue higher principles
Identity Diffusion the status in which the adolescent doesn't have a sense of choices; they have yet to make a commitment; possible identity crisis
Identity Foreclosure the status in which the adolescent seems willing to make future choices; they have NOT had an identity crisis; tend to conform to other expectations
Identity Moratorium the status in which an adolescent is in an identity crisis and actively exploring commitments yet to decide
Identity Achievement the status in which an adolescent has gone through an identity crisis and has made a commitment to a sense of identity
Created by: MadisonFoleyReis
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