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Science digestion

digestion the process of breaking down food by mechanical and enzymatic action in the alimentary canal into substances that can be used by the body.
mechanical digestion physically breaking down food substances into smaller particles to more efficiently undergo chemical digestion
chemical digestion the process where complex molecules like proteins, fats, and carbohydrates are broken down into smaller pieces that your body can use.
mouth Your salivary glands make saliva, a digestive juice, which moistens food so it moves more easily through your esophagus into your stomach
amylase digest starch into smaller molecules, ultimately yielding maltose, which in turn is cleaved into two glucose molecules by maltase.
Epiglottis The flap that covers the trachea during swallowing so that food does not enter the lungs.
Esophagus moves food into the stomach
Peristalsis automatically to move food through the digestive tract
Stomach the stomach muscles mix the food and liquid with digestive juices
Pepsin digest proteins found in ingested food
Liver make and secrete bile and to process and purify the blood containing newly absorbed nutrients that are coming from the small intestine.
Gallbladder stores bile, a thick liquid that's produced by the liver to help us digest fat
Bile breaks down fats into fatty acids
Pancreas makes pancreatic juices called enzymes
Insulin prompts cells to absorb blood sugar for energy or storage
Small intestine helps to further digest food coming from the stomach
Villi help absorb nutrients from the food that passes through.
Large Intestine absorbs water and changes the waste from liquid into stool
Rectum stores stool until it pushes stool out of your anus during a bowel movement.
Enzymes break down food and aid digestion
Created by: Asher_ig
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