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Bio Ch. 8-9-10 Rev.

What organelle is responsible for digesting certain materials found in the cell and getting rid of old organelles and stuff? lysosome
During cell -?-, the embryonic cells "decide" what type of cells they will be. specialization
Yes or No, Do prokaryotic cells have a nucleus? No
The domain called "Bacteria" is also know as what kingdom? eubacteria
glycolysis and fermentation are both -?-, (done without oxygen) anaerobic
What process moves materials through a membrane from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration requiring energy? activetransport
Centrioles and microtubules are made of a protein called -?- tubulan
the BIOCHEMICAL ENERGY of ATP can be used to cause -?- movement
Red blood cells use facilitated diffusion on -?- glucose
electron microscopes can only be used on non-living matter placed in a -?- vacuum
What organelle is like a storage tank, and is especially large in plant cells? vacuole
the -?- of photosynthesis is respiration opposite
What organelle is the site of protein synthesis? ribosome
Chemicals get in and out of the nucleus through the nuclear -?- pores
What color of light is chlorophyll-b the best at absorbing? blue
one of the products of respirations water
Many of the organelles of a cell were not understood until after the invention of the -?- microscope. electron
a product of fermentation occurring in human muscle cells lactic acid
What is the process of cell eating called? phagocytosis
What is the holes called that are made in the surface of a leaf between two guard cells? stomata
the process that converts light energy into chemical energy photosynthesis
What type of electron microscope produces the best 3-D images? sem
What is the 2nd step of the scientific method? pattern
The burning of fossil fuels increases the amount of -?- in the atmosphere carbon dioxide
What is it called when water diffuses through a semipermeable membrane? osmosis
-?- helps transports materials through the cytoplasm? cytoskeleton
the number of atoms in a glucose molecule twentyfour
primary color of light not absorbed by chlorophyll molecules green
If all the scientists agree, a theory can become a -?- law
what does ATP synthase get the power to make ATP? hydrogenions
During -?- cells take in pockets of liquid. pinocytosis
the charge on a Hydrogen ion positive
the M of E=MCC mass
the source of most of the atoms in an Oak table air
Robert Hooke made drawing of -?- cells he saw in his microscope cork
What organelle is like a packaging plant? golgi apparatus
What process can be called “sped up diffusion”? facilitated diffusion
The concentration of a solution tells the number of grams of -?- per liter of solution. solute
The -?- embedded in the cell membranes seem to help the cells identify each other. carbohydrates
how many Calories are released during the respiration of 2 grams of glucose? eight
muscle cells are filled with fibers formed from actin and -?- protein. myosin
According to the fluid-mosaic model, the cell membranes are composed of -?- bilayers. lipid
In the Golgi apparatus, -?- are modified prior to export by the cell. protiens
yes or no, a cell put into salty water swells up no
the 5th step of the scientific method theory
What does rough endoplasmic reticulum have on it making it so rough? ribosomes
the process that converts chemical energy into heat and light very quickly. (fire place) burning
the second half of photosynthesis, aka the -?- cycle Calvin
the energy form HEE is taken and used to create -?- by the electron transport chain. NADPH
glucose is a better for energy storage than ATP because it is more concentraded and -?- stable
-?- cells spend a lot of time producing proteins, since this organ constantly excreates enzymes. pancreas
A group of different tissues working together? organ
Both cilia and the -?- on sperm cells are made of microtubules. flagella
A type of endoplasmic reticulum does not have ribosomes attached to it? smooth
What organelle acts as the control center of the cell? nucleus
the number of ATP released during glycolysis of one sugar molecule six
a product of glycolysis pyruvic acid
The organelle that is like a nucleus inside the nucleus? nucleolus
What organelle provides the energy for a cell? mitochondria
true or false, a eukaryotic cell is simpler than a prokaryotic cell? false
the number of carbon dioxide molecules needed to make one glucose molecule six
how many ATP are produced during the respiration of 2 grams of glucose billions
What organelle makes sugar? chloroplast
different colors of light have a different frequency and a different -?- wavelength
What do you call a solution with a higher solute concentration than a cell? hypertonic
Scientist do experiments to test a -?- hypothesis
the hydrogen ions get trapped in the -?- until enough pressure builds up to push them through ATP synthase. thylakoids
A "spiky" looking red blood cell was placed in -?- water. salt or pure pure
Produced in the first part of photosynthesis when light strikes a chlorophyll molecule, this is an abreviation of the name I gave electrons that have high energy. HEE
Cells were not discovered until the -?- was invented. microscope
the number of ATP released during fermentation zero
Oxygen is produced during the -?- reactions of photosynthesis light
DNA all spread out in the nucleus. (like pages) chromatin
every living cell today comes from -?- cells preexisting
the number of phosphate molecules on one ATP that equal make adenosinetryphosphate. three
an organism that is able to make its own food. autotrophs
The -?- is a structure not found in animal cells? cell wall
what chemical produced by fermentation is also needed by glycolysis NAD
the C of E=MC2 speed of light
although fermentations does not produce energy it does produce NAD and allow -?- to continue. This process occurs during the first part of respiration. glycolysis
where does glycolysis occur in a cell? cytoplasm
organism that gets energy from the food they eat. neterotrophs
Lynn Margulis theorized that some -?- actually used to be free-living cells. organelles
the BIOCHEMICAL ENERGY of ATP can be used in the -?- of proteins and nucleic acids synthesis
True or False, bacteria cells are prokaryotic cells? true
the process that converts chemical energy into other forms of energy in living things respiration
Yes or no, are plant cells eukaryotic? yes
Water molecules are split in photosynthesis when -?- are stolen from them electrons
the krebs cycle is also known as the -?- cycle citric acid
What is it called when substances spread out moving from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration? diffusion
all the energy animals consume eventually ends up as -?- meat
The principal pigment in plants that absorbs light. chlorophyll
Carbon dioxide is absorbed by plants during the -?- reactions of photosynthesis dark
Many organ systems working together? organism
the rate of photosynthesis slows in high temperature due to a disruption of -?- function. enzymes
the ability to move stuff or do worthe ability to move stuff or do work. energy
Created by: Kody W
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