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resp system chapt#13

2nd term resp. system

components of upper resp. tract nose, sinuses, trachea, larynx
airfilled cavities on head or skull sinuses
lung infection caused by virus, bacteria, fungus pneumonia
lung ruptures and air escape pneumothorax
control center of brain medulla oblongata
ear sacs surrounded by capillaries alveoli
covering our opening of larynx to prevent food from entering the lung epiglottis
infectious disease can lay dormant for yrs tuberculosis
body reacts to an allergy causes restriction of airway asthma
mass of undesolved matter can be present in lymph or blood embolism
windpipe; reaches center of chest trachea
slippery liquid between pleural layers pleural fluid
passage way to middle of ear eustachian tube
group of diseases makes it to difficult to get air in and out of lung COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
voicebox composed of cartilage larynx
membrane connects cardiovascular & respiratory alveolar-capillary membrane
oxygenated blood transports through cardiovascular system to cells & tissues where gases are exchanged internal respiratory
pus in the pleural cavity empyema
incomplete of expansion or collapse of all/part of lung atelectasis
excessive buildup of fluid in pleural space pleural effusion
network of small blood vessels capillaries
airways get inflammed & sputum is produced bronchitis
irreversible damages air sac emphysema
resp. system primary job to bring oxygen from the atmosphere into the bloodstream and to remove gaseous waste by product carbon dioxide
ventilation movement of air where actual gas exchange takes place with the blood stream
respiration process of gas exchange, oxygen is added to the blood stream and carbon monoxide is removed
external respiration when the gas exchange in the lungs occurs between blood and the air in the external atmosphere
sense of smell ability to taste
3 main regions of the space behind the nose vestibular, olfactory, respiratory region
3 sections of pharynx(the throat) nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx
adams apple larger in men than in women
trachea extends to what vertebrae 6th cervical vertebrae
lungs are housed where the thoracic cavity and seperated by the mediastinum
right lung base contains how many lobes 3 lobes
left side contains how many lobes and why 2 lobes due to the heart taking up space of the left lung
what sends the signal to the diaphragm phrenic nerve
external intercostal muscles assist by moving the ribs up and outward during inspiration to increase total volume in the thoracic cavity
what is more passive exhalation
movement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in and out of the respiratory system oxygen rich air from enviroment, nasal cavity, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, aveoli, capillaries then bronchioles, bronchi, trachea, pharynx, nasal cavity, carbon dioxide rich air to the environment
Created by: annacolon