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Human Adjustment #1

Unit 1

empirical, empiricism knowledge based on experience or observation; the view that experience, especially of the senses, is the only source of knowledge.
Paradox of Progress The technology (Time-saving Device), Choice, and era of extraordinary affluence and consumption. no perceptible improvement in our collective health and happiness.
critical thinking thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions. Rather, it examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions.
Psychology The study of behavior and profession that applies knowledge from these studies to solving practical problems.
clinical psychology deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of psychological disorders.
Scientific Method Questions based on observation, theory, and beliefs.
Survey - Questionnaire Ask specific questions that need a large amount of people to respond in order to gain information. The only issue is people tend to lie which makes errors and inaccuracies.
case study In-depth analysis of a single person where you get detailed information in order to identify clues about a behavior (doesn't represent everyone).
naturalistic observation Observation of behavior WITHOUT interfering with the subject. You will record frequency/circumstances of trigger to behavior (MUST BE descriptive).
experiment an investigator manipulates one variable(independent) under carefully controlled conditions and observes whether any changes occur in a second(dependent) variable as a result.
independent variable factor manipulated/changed. The cause of behavior changes.
dependent variable variable thought to be affected by manipulations of independent variable.
Experimental group Receive research manipulation to see if behavior changes.
Control group Given a false/no treatment (placebo) to rule out the effect of being in an experiment as having effects on behavior.
blind study subjects do not know if they are in the experimental or control group.
double-blind study neither researcher nor subject know to which group subject is assigned.
Correlation exists when two variables are related to each other. Looks at the two qualities of the relationship.
correlation coefficient Statistical measure of the degree of relationship between two variables. a number between −1 and +1 calculated to represent the linear dependence of two variables or sets of data.
Inverse relationship - Negative Correlation Indicates inverse/opposite direction of relationship.
Direct Relationship - Positive Correlation Indicates same/direct direction of relationship.
subjective well-being an individuals' personal assessment of their overall happiness or life satisfaction.
Roots of Happiness/Factors influencing happiness Relationships (love and marriage), work (Job satisfaction), and Genetics and Personality.
hedonic adaptation An effect that occurs when the mental scale that people use to judge the pleasantness-unpleasantness of their experiences shifts so that their neutral point, or baseline for comparison, changes.
Created by: TBM2004
Popular Psychology sets




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