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Intro to Psych

exam 1

Psychology is the scientific study of behavior & mental processes
Goals of psychology -To describe behavior -To explain behavior -To predict behavior -To control or change behavior
Wilhelm Wundt father of psychology
First psychology experiment conducted the time reaction of dropping a ball and seeing how fast recipients responded
Willam James functionalism
Sigmund Freud Psychodynamic Theory
Behaviorism our behavior is observable and measurable
John B Watson believed everything we do is based of experiences
Humanistic psychology by Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers we have free will to live more creative, meaningful, and satisfying lives
Carl Rogers self centered therapy
Abraham Maslow studied individuals of exceptional health
Structuralists study of consciousness through examining the structures/elements
Functionalists what is the function of consciousness
Cognitive psychology how our brains processes information influences how we behave
Biological psychology Examining the underlying biochemical and bodily structures of behavior
Francis Cecil Sumner (1895-1954) First African American to receive a PhD in psychology for his work on psychoanalysis
Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930) Completed requirements of PhD, never award one
Margaret Washburn (1871-1939) First woman awarded a doctorate in psychology
Inez Beverly Prosser (1895-1934) First african american woman to receive doctorate in psychology from the University of Cincinnati in 1933
Martin Seligman positive psychology
Ivan Pavlov (1906) discovery of conditioning principles (conditioned vs unconditioned)
Taste aversion The types of stimuli used as conditioned and unconditioned stimuli matter
thorndike's law of effect If response in presence of stimuli leads to satisfying effects then the association between the stimulus and response is strengthened
Sensory memory Holds large amounts of incoming information for a very short period of time
Representation of memory mental model of bit of information that exists even when information is no longer available
Working memory Actively manipulates information Allows for multiple, simultaneous processes
Declarative memory general knowledge and facts
Autobiographical memory How you interpret old stories with your siblings
Episodic How you felt emotionally, visual cues
Procedural memory Memories for how to carry out motor skills and procedures, especially difficult to describe in words
Priming Change in our response to a stimulus due to pre-exposure to related stimuli
Cerebral cortex largest area of your brain
Cerebellum Significant for mood within an individual
Prefrontal cortex cognitive control functions
hippocampus role in learning and memory
Created by: 19stevtren
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