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Psych Chap 1

Psychology derived from two Greek roots; psyche "mind" and logos "knowledge"
Wilhelm Wundt Established world's first scientific laboratory of psychology
Introspection Attempts to directly study consciousness by having people report on what they are consciously experiencing
Edward Titchener Englishman who brought Wundt's teachings and methods of introspection to the US/English speaking countries
Structualism An approach that attempted to define the structure of the mind by breaking down mental experiences into their component parts
William James Recognized as the father of modern psychology
Functionalism School of psychology that focused on how behavior helps individuals adapt to demands placed upon them in the environment "why we do what we do"
Behaviorism Psychology should limit itself to the study of overt behavior that observers could record and measure, founded by Watson
B.F Skinner Associated with reward and punishment, showed he could train animals to perform simple behaviors by rewarding specific responses
Reinforcers Complex behaviors that could be learned/maintained by manipulating rewards
Gestalt Psychology School of psychology that studies ways in which the brain organizes and structures our perception of the world
Gestalt Unitary form or pattern
Sigmund Freud Believed that much of our behavior is determined by unconscious forces and motives that lie beyond reach of ordinary awareness
Psychoanalysis Based on the belief that therapeutic change comes from uncovering and working through unconscious conflicts within the personality
Behavioral Perspective Belief that environmental influences determine behavior and that psychology should restrict itself to the study of observable behavior
Social Cognitive Theory Believes that personality comprises not only learned behavior but also in ways that individuals think about themselves/environment.
Behavior Therapy Involves the systematic application of learning principles that are grounded in the behaviorist system tradition of Watson and Skinner
Humanistic Psychology The school of psychology that believes that free will and conscious choice are essential aspects of the human condition
Humanistic Perspective Believes that psychology should focus on conscious experiences even if those experiences are subjective and cannot be objectively observed and scientifically measured
Physiological Perspective Examines relationships between biological processes and behavior
Evolutionary Psychology A movement within modern psychology that applies principles from Theory of Evolution to a wide range of behaviors
Cognitive Perspective An approach to the study of psychology that focuses on the processes by which we acquire knowledge
Positive Psychology A contemporary movement within psychology that emphasizes the study of human virtues/assets-opposed to weaknesses and deficits
Sociocultural perspective An approach to the study of psychology that emphasizes the role of social and cultural influences on behavior
Basic Research Focused on acquiring knowledge even if such knowledge has no direct practical application
Applied Research Research that attempts to find solutions to a specific problem
Clinical Psychologists Evaluate and treat people with psychological disorders, such as depression and anxiety
Psychiatrists Medical doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
Naturalistic observation Method A method of research based on careful observation of behaviors in natural settings
Single blind studies In drug research, studies in which subjects are kept uninformed about whether they are receiving the active drug or a placebo
Double blind studies In drug research, studies in which both participants and experimenters are kept uninformed about which participants are/aren't receiving the active drug
Prime A stimulus or cue that affects a person's subsequent behavior without the person being aware of its impact.
Created by: Sydboyer15
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