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Europe Vocabulary

Dike man-made structures that defend against natural forces like water, climate and altitude in the Netherlands.
Polder low land reclaimed from a body of water, often the sea, by the construction of dikes.
Glaciation the process, condition, or result of being covered by glaciers or ice sheets
Fjord a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea between high cliffs, as in Norway and Iceland, typically formed by submergence of a glaciated valley.
Loess wind-blown dust made of mineral rich material that enriches soil.
Foehn a hot southerly wind on the northern slopes of the Alps.
Mistral a strong, cold northwesterly wind that blows through the Rhône valley and southern France into the Mediterranean, mainly in winter
Sirocco a hot wind, often dusty or rainy, blowing from North Africa across the Mediterranean to southern Europe.
Chaparral vegetation consisting chiefly of tangled shrubs and thorny bushes.
Permafrost a thick subsurface layer of soil that remains frozen throughout the year, occurring chiefly in polar regions.
Ethnic cleansing the mass expulsion or killing of members of an unwanted ethnic or religious group in a society to rid them from an area.
Urbanization the process of moving to a city or a city growing
City-state a city that with its surrounding territory forms an independent state.
Feudalism a social system that existed in Europe during the Middle Ages in which people worked and fought for nobles who gave them protection and the use of land in return.
Reformation a 16th-century movement for the reform of abuses in the Roman Catholic Church.
Communism a political theory leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.
Cold War political rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies that developed after World War II.
European Union international organization comprising 27 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security
Welfare State a system whereby the government undertakes to protect the health and well-being of its citizens, especially those in financial or social need
Created by: clevelandv
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