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classical condition


Unconditioned Stimulus (US) naturally and automatically triggers a response
Unconditioned Response (UR) unlearned, naturally occurring
Neutral Stimulus (NS) elicits no response
Conditioned Stimulus (CS) an originally neutral stimulus that now triggers a conditioned response when paired with an US
Conditioned Response (CR) the learned response to a previously neutral stimulus
Conditioned Learned
Unconditioned unlearned/natural
learning the process of acquiring through experience new and relatively enduring information or behaviors
habituates decreasing responsiveness with repeated exposure to a stimulus.
associative learning learning that certain events occur together. The events may be two stimuli (as in classical conditioning) or a response and its consequence
stimulus any event or situation that evokes a response.
respondent behavior behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus..
operant behaviors behavior that operates on the environment, producing consequences.
cognitive learning the acquisition of mental information, whether by observing events, by watching others, or through language.
classical conditioning a type of learning in which we link two or more stimuli; as a result, to illustrate with Pavlov’s classic experiment, the first stimulus (a tone) comes to elicit behavior (drooling) in anticipation of the second stimulus (food).
behaviorism objective science, based only on observable behavior –No cognition
acquisition in classical conditioning, the initial stage, when one links a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus begins triggering the conditioned response. In operant conditioning, the strengthening of a reinforced response.
higher-order conditioning a procedure in which the conditioned stimulus in one conditioning experience is paired with a new neutral stimulus, creating a second conditioned stimulus. (pet responding to light instead of sound for food)
extinction the diminishing of a conditioned response; occurs in classical conditioning when an unconditioned stimulus (US) does not follow a conditioned stimulus (CS); occurs in operant conditioning when a response is no longer reinforced.
spontaneous recovery the reappearance, after a pause, of an extinguished conditioned response.
generalization the tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses.
discrimination in classical conditioning, the learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and similar stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus.
Created by: 23ghaiduk
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