Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Modules 34-36

cognition all the mental actives associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating
concept a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
convergent thinking narrows the available problem solutions to determine the single best solution
creativity the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas
divergent thinking expands the number of possible problem solutions (creative thinking that diverges in different directions)
protoype a mental image or best example of a category
algorithm a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem
availability heuristic estimating the likelihood of events based on their available; if instances comes readily to mind (perhaps because of their vividness), we presume such events are common
belief perseverance clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited
confirmation bias a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence
framing the way an issue is posed; how an issue is framed can significantly affect decisions and judgments
heuristic a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms
insight a sudden realization of a problem's solution; contrasts with strategy-based solutions
intuition an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning
mental set a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past
overconfidence the tendency to be more confident than correct---to overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments
representativeness heuristic judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information
aphasia impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area or to Wernicke's area
babbling stage beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language
Broca's area controls language expression---an area of the frontal lobe, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech
grammar in language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others
language our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning
linguistic determinism Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think
morpheme in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word (such as a prefix)
one-word stage the stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words
phoneme in a language, the smallest distinctive sound unit
telegraphic speech early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram---"go car"---using mostly nouns and verbs
two-word stage beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly in two-word statements
Wernicke's area controls language reception--- a brain area involved in language comprehension and expression; usually in the left temporal lobe
Created by: margaret_05
Popular Psychology sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards