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Europe Vocabulary


Fjord a long narrow deep inlet of the sea between steep slopes
Peat partially decayed plant matter found in bags
Massif Central the uplands of France, which account for about one-sixth of French Lands
North Atlantic Drift a current of warm water from the tropics
Sirocco a hot, steady south wind that blows from North Africa across the Mediterranean Sea into Southern Europe, mostly spring
Mistral a cold dry wind from the north
Dike an earthen bank used to direct or prevent the passage of water
polders are land that is reclaimed from the sea or other body of water by diking and drainage
Seaworks a structure used to control the seas destructive impact on human life
Terpen are high earthen platforms used in seaworks
Zuider Zee a former inlet of the North Sea in the Netherlands
Ijsselmear a freshwater lake separated from the North Sea by a dike and bordered by polders
Roman Catholicism a major branch of christianity centered in Rome
The Renaissance was a time of renewed interests in learning and the arts that lasted from the 14th though 16th centuries: it began in the Italian city-states and spread north to all of Europe
Anti-Semitism is discrimination against Jewish people
Balkanization the process of breaking up a region into small, mutually hostile units
The Berlin Wall was a wall erected by East Germany in 1961 to cut the capital of Berlin in two, and later dismantled in 1989
Christianity is a religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth
The Crusades were a series of wars launched by European Christians in 1096 to capture the holy land (Palestine) from Muslims
Eastern Orthodoxy is a major branch of christianity, also called Greek Orthodoxy
The Euro a common currency proposed by the EU for its member nations
The Holocaust was a Nazi Program of mass murder of European Jews during WW2
A Market Economy is a type of economic system in which production of goods and services is determined by the demand from consumers. Also called a demand in economy
The Nordic Countries the countries of northern Europe, including Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden
Protestantism a major branch of christianity, which began during the Reformation with protests against practices of the Roman Catholic Church
Parliament a representative lawmaking body whose members are elected or appointed and in which legislative and executive functions are combined
Reformation a movement in Western Europe beginning in 1517 when many started Protestant churches; this led to mutual hostility and religious was that tore apart Europe
Satellite Nation a nation dominated by another country
Created by: jol!e
Popular Geography sets




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