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Europe vocab

Fjord a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea between steep slopes.
Peat a partially decayed plant matter found in bogs.
Massif Central the uplands of France, which account for about one-sixth of French islands
North Atlantic Drift a current of warm water from the tropics
Sirocco a hot, steady south wind that blows from North Africa across the Mediterranean Sea into Southern Europe, mostly in spring
Mistral a cold, dry wind from the wind
Dike an earthen bank used to direct or prevent the passage of water
Polder the land that is reclaimed from the sea or a body of water by diking and drainage
Seawork a structure used to control the seas destructive impact on huan life
terpen a high earthen platform used in seaworks
Zuider Zee a forner inlet of the North Sea in the Netherlands
Ljsselmeer a fresh water lake separated from the North Sea by a dike and bordered by polders
Roman Catholicism a major branch of Christianity
Renaissance a time of renewed interest in learning and the arts that lasted from the 14th through 16th centuries; it began in Italian city-states and spread north to all of Europe
Eastern Orthodoxy a major branch of Christianity also called Greek Orthodoxy
Christianity a religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth
Crusades a series of wars launched by European Christians in 1906 to capture the Holy Land (Palestine) from muslims
Reformation a movement in Western Europe beginning in 1517, when many christians broke away from the catholic church and started protestant churches, this led to mutual hostility and religious wars that tore apart Europe
Protestant a major branch of Christianity which began during the reformation with protests against practices of the Roman Catholic Church
Berlin Wall a wall erected by East Germany in 1961 to cut the capital of Berlin in two and later dismantled in 1989
Holocaust the Nazi program of mass murder of European Jews during World War 2
Euro a common currency proposed by the European union for its member nations
Parliament a representative lawmaking body whose members are elected of appointed and in which legislative and executive functions are combined
Nordic Countries countries of Northern Europe including Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden
Balkinization the process of breaking up a region into small mutually hostile units
Anti-Semitism discrimination against jewish people
Satellite Nations nation dominated by another country
market economy a type of economic system in which production of goods and services is determined by the demand from consumers. Also called a demand economy or capitalism.
Popular Geography sets




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