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personality and dissociative disorders

Personality disorder condition in which personality traits appearing first in adolescence, are inflexible, stable, expressed in a wide variety of situations, and lead to distress or impairment
Borderline personality disorder condition marked by extreme instability in mood, identity, and impulse control
Psychopathic personality condition marked by superficial charm, dishonesty, manipulativeness, self-centeredness, and risk taking
Antisocial personality disorder condition marked by a lengthy history of irresponsible or illegal actions
Dissociative disorders condition involving disruptions in consciousness, memory, identity, or perception
Depersonalization/derealization disorder condition marked by multiple episodes of depersonalization, derealization, or both
Dissociative amnesia inability to recall important personal information- most often related to stressful experience, that can’t be explained by ordinary forgetfulness
Dissociative fugue sudden, unexpected travel away from home or the workplace, accompanied by amnesia for significant life events
Dissociative identity disorder condition characterized by the presence of two or more distinct personality states that recurrently take control of the person’s behavior
Autism spectrum disorder DSM-5 category that includes ASD and Asperger's disorder
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder childhood condition marked by excessive inattention, impulsivity, and activity
Schizophrenia severe disorder of thought and emotion associated with a loss of contact with reality
Delusions strongly held fixed belief that has no basis in reality
psychotic symptoms psychological problem reflecting serious distortions in reality
Hallucinations sensory perception that occurs in the absence of an external stimulus
catatonic symptoms motor problems, including holding the body in weird and rigid poses, curling up in a fetal position, and resisting simple suggestions to move
diathesis-stress models perspective proposing that mental disorders are a joint product of a genetic vulnerability and stressors that trigger this vulnerability
Somatic symptom disorder excessive anxiety about physical symptoms with a medical or purely psychological origin
Illness anxiety disorder intense preoccupation with the possibility of a serious undiagnosed illness
Generalized anxiety disorder continual feelings or worry, anxiety, physical tension, and irritability across many areas of life functioning
Panic attacks brief, intense episode of extreme fear characterized by sweating, dizziness, light-headedness, racing heartbeat, and feelings of impending death or going crazy
Panic disorder repeated and unexpected panic attacks along with either persistent concerns about future attacks or a change in personal behavior in an attempt to avoid them
Phobia intense fear of an object or a situation that’s greatly out of proportion to its actual treat
Agoraphobia fear of being in a place or situation from which escape is difficult or embarrassing or in which help is unavailable in the event of a panic attack
Social anxiety disorder intense fear of negative evaluation in social situations
Posttraumatic stress disorder emotional disturbance after experiencing or witnessing a stressful event
Obsessive-compulsive disorder repeated and lengthy immersion in obsessions, compulsions, or both
Obsessions persistent idea, thought, or urge that is unwanted, causing distress
Anxiety sensitivity fear of anxiety-related sensations
Demonic model mental illness as behaving strange influenced by evil spirts
Medical model inapporiately trying to treat mental illness
Asylums instiution for people with mental disorders
Moral treatment nonjudgmental holistic way and kind approach to people with mental illness
Deinstitutionalization freeing people in mental disorder centers and closing them
Labeling theorist mental disorder diagnoses exert negative thoughts on oneselves
Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM) diagnostic system containing the APA criteria for mental disorders
Comorbidity co-occurrence of two or more diagnoses within the same person
Categorical model model in which a mental disorder differs from normal functioning in kind rather than degree
Dimensional model model in which a mental disorder differs from normal functioning in degree rather than kind
Research domain criteria a recently launched program of research designed to classify mental disorders in terms of deficits in brain circuitry
Involuntary commitment procedure of placing some people with mental illnesses in a psyhiatric hospital based on their potential danger to themselves or others or their inability to care for themselves
Insanity defense legal defense proposing that people shouldn’t be held legally responsible for their actions if they weren’t of “sound mind” when committing them
Prevalence percentage of people within a population who have a specific mental disorder
Major depressive episode episodes when your feel at your lowest point
Cognitive model of depression depression is caused by negative beliefs and expectations
Learned helplessness the tendency to feel helpless in the face of events we can’t control
Manic episodes dramatic elevated mood, decrease need for sleep, increase energy, inflated self-esteem, talkative, and irresponsible behavior
Bipolar disorder history of at least one manic episode
Created by: Ceschley
Popular Psychology sets




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