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What is neuromuscular electrical stimulation The use of electricity to stimulate the nerves that correspond to a targeted mm or mm group & cause it to contract.
What are the physiological requirements for effective tx of NMES Requires an intact peripheral nerve & healthy mm tissue
Clinical indication for NMES (1.) retard or prevent disuse atrophy (2.) mm re-education (3.) maintain or increase jt mobility (4.) increase local blood circulation (5.) relax mm spasm (6.) prevent thrombosis in calf immediately after surgery
Contraindications PT CUP - Pacemaker, thrombosis, carotid sinus, unstable arrhythmias, pregnancy
Precautions IC Mosi - Iontophoresis, cardiac disease, malignant tumor, open wounds, skin irritation, impaired mentatation or sensation
Waveform selections symmetrical & Asymmetrical
What are symmetrical wave forms used for Large mm
What are asymmetrical wave forms used for Small mm
What size should the electrode be Largest electrode that provides desired response w/o causing overflow to other mm
which electrode is more active in the symmetrical wave form Both are active
which electrode is more active in the asymmetrical wave form the negative
Where should the negative electrodes be placed for either wave form over the motor point
What is a motor point Place in the mm where electrical stimulation will produce the greatest contraction w/the least amount of electricity, generally over the middle of the mm belly
The greater the distance between electrodes determines a deeper current flow
Created by: llacorte