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Geo ch.5


language a system of communication through speech, movement, sounds, or symbols that a group of people understands to have the same meaning
institutional language used in work, education, mass media, and government
vigorous language in daily use by people of all ages, but it lacks a literary tradition
developing language in daily use by people of all ages
threatened language used for face-to-face communication, but it is losing users
dying language used by older people, but it is not being transmitted to children
language family a collection of languages related through a common ancestral language that existed long before recorded history
language branch a collection of languages within a family related through a common ancestral language
language group a collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past
lingua franca a language of international communication (ex. English)
official language used by the government to enact legislation, publish documents, and conduct other public business
working language designated by an international organization or corporation as its primary means of communication for daily correspondence and conversation
pidgin language created by learning a few grammar rules and words of a lingua franca and mixing in elements of a different language - has no native speakers
dialect a regional variation of a language distinguished by distinctive vocabulary, spelling, and pronounciation
standard language the dialect considered the most acceptable
isogloss a word-use boundary with a degree of geographic extent
north dialect originated in East Anglia and developed in New England
south dialect originated in Southeastern England and represented a diversity of social class backgrounds
midland dialect originated in northern England and developed in Pennsylvania
creole/creolized language a language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated
endangered language a language that children are no longer learning, and its remaining speakers use it less frequently
isolated language a language unrelated to any other and therefore not attached to any language family (ex. Basque)
extinct language a language once used by people in daily activities but is no longer in use (ex. Liv and Clallam)
Created by: imr36093
Popular Geography sets




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