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Chap 3 Review

Population, Culture, Gov, Econ, Resources

Death rate- the number of deaths compared to the total number of people in a population at a given time
Birthrate- the number of babies born compared to the total number of people in a population at a given time
Doubling time- the number of years it takes a population to double in size based on its current growth rate
Population distribution- the geographic pattern of where people live
Population density- the average number of people living in a square mile or a square kilometer
Urban- describes an area that is densely populated
Rural- describes an area that is lightly populated
Emigrate- to leave one's home to live in another place
Immigrate- to enter and live in a new country
Refugee- a person who flees a country because of violence, war, persecution, or disaster
Urbanization- when a city grows larger and spreads into nearby areas
Megalopolis- a huge city or cluster of cities with an extremely large population
Culture the set of beliefs, behaviors, and traits shared by a group of people
Ethnic group a group of people with a common racial, national, tribal, religious, or cultural background
Dialect a regional variety of a language with unique features, such as vocabulary, grammar, or pronunciation
Cultural region a geographic area in which people have certain traits in common
Democracy a type of government run by the people
Representative democracy a form of democracy in which citizens elect government leaders to represent the people
Monarchy the system of government in which a country is ruled by a king or queen
Dictatorship a form of government in which one person has absolute power to rule and control the government, the people, and the economy
Human rights the rights belonging to all individuals freedoms and rights, such as freedom of speech, that all people should enjoy
Globalization the process by which nations, cultures, and economies become mixed
Renewable resources a resource that can be totally replaced or is always available naturally
Nonrenewable resources the resources that cannot be totally replaced
Economic system how a society decides on the ownership and distribution of its economic resources
Traditional economy an economy where resources are distributed mainly through families
Market/Capitalist economy an economy in which most of the means of production are privately owned
Communist/Command economy an economy in which the means of production are publicly owned
Mixed/Socialist economy an economy in which parts of the economy are privately owned and parts are owned by the government
Gross domestic product (GDP) the total dollar value of all final goods and services produced in a country during a single year
Standard of living the level at which a person, group, or nation lives as measured by the extent to which it meets its needs
Productivity the measurement of what is produced and what is required to produce it
Export to send a product produced in one country to another country
Import when a country brings in a product from another country
Free trade arrangement whereby a group of countries decides to set little or no tariffs on quotas
Sustainability the condition where all resources for meeting the needs of society are available.
Created by: acorriveau
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