Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Psych Law Chapter 5

confirmation bias people look for, interpret, and create information that verifies an existing belief
photographic lineup/photospread a series of photos police ask eyewitnesses to examine to decide whether the perpetrator is present
weapon focus effect if there is a weapon present, people are more likely to focus on the weapon than the person wielding it
selective attention we have limited attentional capacity and cannot process all of the stimuli available at a given time, we unconsciously select what information to attend to
encoding acquisition of information
storage retaining information
retentional interval the period of time between viewing an event and being questioned about it; if it increases, memories are less accurate
post-event information information learned after an event can alter memories of the event
retrieval recalling information
ecphoric experience subjective sense of recognition based on a good memory and a good likeness of the perpetrator (or the actual perpetrator) in the lineup
unconscious transference recalling information from our memory that are accurate but are not relevant to the task at hand (picking a person in a lineup that we've seen before but is not the perpetrator)
experimental methodology researcher stages a crime or shows a filmed crime to unsuspecting participant witnesses
ground truth researcher knows exactly what participants saw
ecological validity study approximates real-world conditions under which eyewitnesses observe crimes and police interact with eyewitnesses
archival analysis involves after-the-fact examination of actual cases; begin with proven wrongful convictions and examine features of the cases that could have led to the mistaken verdicts
field studies examines procedures used by the police in actual cases
system variable factors that are under the control of the criminal justice system (instructions given to eyewitnesses when they consider a lineup and the composition of that lineup)
estimator variable factors that are beyond the control of the justice system and whos impact on the reliability of the eyewitness can only be estimated (lighting conditions at the time of the crime and whether the culprit was wearing a disguise)
postdiction variable does not directly affect reliability of an identification, but is a measure of some process that correlates with reliability; e.g., confidence that a witness feels about an identification
other-race effect we're better able to recognize and identify members of our own race or ethnic group than members of another race or ethnic group
physiognomic variability there are differences between faces of one race and faces of another race in terms of variability in features
in-group/out-group differences categorize people outside of our group versus those inside our group
diagnosticity controlling the lineup to make it more likely the real suspect would be caught
cognitive interview interviewing protocol based on various concepts of memory retrieval and social communication
relative judgment making judgments about suspects in a lineup to how the resemble perpetrator relative to other suspects in lineup; happens in simultaneous lineup
absolute judgment comparing suspects in a lineup to memory of perpetrator; happens in sequential lineup
experimenter bias person conducting the experiment influences results based on what they want to find
double-blind testing procedures witness should be blind to the identity of the suspect and lineup administrator should be, too
Created by: words_for_food
Popular Psychology sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards