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U.S. and Canada

Continental Divide The line of the highest points in North America that marks the separation between rivers flowing eastward and westward.
Permafrost Permanently frozen ground.
Prevailing Westerlies Winds that blow from west to east.
Everglades A large subtropical swampland in Florida of about 4,000 square miles.
Nomad A person with no permanent home who moves according to the seasons from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing land.
Beringia A land bridge thought to have connected what are now Siberia and Alaska.
St. Lawrence Seaway North America's most important deepwater ship route, connecting the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean by way of the St. Lawrence River.
Lock A section of a waterway with closed gates where water levels are raised or lowered, through which ships pass.
Representative Democracy A government in which the people rule through elected representatives.
New England The six northern states in the Northeast United States—Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.
The Midwest The region that contains the 12 states of the north-central United States.
The South A region that covers about one-fourth of the land area of the United States and contains more than one-third of its population.
The West A North American region, consisting of 13 states, that stretches from the Great Plains to the Pacific Ocean and includes Alaska to the north and Hawaii in the Pacific.
Province A political unit.
Dominion of Canada The loose confederation of Ontario (Upper Canada), Quebec (Lower Canada), Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, created by the British North America Act in 1867.
Parliamentary Government A system where legislative and executive functions are combined in a legislature called a parliament.
Parliament A representative lawmaking body whose members are elected or appointed and in which legislative and executive functions are combined.
Prime Minister The head of a government; the majority party's leader in parliament.
First Nations A group of Canada's Native American people.
Métis A person of mixed French-Canadian and Native American ancestry.
Reserve Public land set aside for native peoples by the government.
Atlantic Provinces The provinces in Eastern Canada—Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland.
Prairie Provinces In Canada, the provinces west of Ontario and Quebec—Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta.
British Columbia Canada's westernmost province, located within the Rocky Mountain range.
Nunavut One of Canada's territories and home to many of Canada's Inuit; it was carved out of the eastern half of the Northwest territories in 1999.
Created by: LL4ND0NN
Popular Geography sets




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