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globe a 3-dimensional, or spherical. representation of earth
map a 2-dimensional, or flat, representation of earth
latitude imaginary lines that run east to west, parallel to the equator; there are 90˚ north and 90˚ south of the equator; the equator is 0˚
equator imaginary line that circles the middle of the Earth: the center line of latitude
prime meridian runs through Greenwich, England and is 0˚; there are 180˚ east and 180˚ west of the prime meridian
hemisphere half the Earth; equator divides the Earth into the Northern and
title tells the subject of the map or globe
symbols represent information such as natural resources and economic activities
labels are the names of places, such as cities, countries, rivers, and mountains
colors represent different kinds of information; for example, the color blue usually represents water
lines of latitude are imaginary horizontal lines that measure the distance north or south of the equator
lines of longitude imaginary lines that run from north to south from the North Pole to the South Pole; they measure distance east or west from the prime meridian
scale shows how much distance on Earth is represented by distance on the map or globe; for example a half inch on the map above represents 100 miles on Earth
legend or key, explains what the symbols and colors on the map or globe represent
compass rose shows direction on a map
cardinal directions the four main directions north (N), south (S), east (E), west (W)
intermediate directions north west, southwest, northeast, southeast
locator globe shows the specific area of the world that is shown on a map
cartographer or mapmakers, create different kinds of maps for different purposes
elevation height of a physical feature above sea level
relief map the change of elevation from one place to another
projection way of showing Earth's curved surfaces on a flat map
distort change
thematic map a map about a specific theme or topic
Northern Hemisphere north of the equator
Southern Hemisphere south of the equator
Western Hemisphere west of the prime meridian
Eastern Hemisphere east of the prime meridian
point symbol map the location of activities at different places
dot density map uses dots to show how something is distributed in a country or region
proportional symbol map uses symbols of different sizes to sow the size of an event
political map shows features that humans have created, such as countries, states, provinces
physical map shows natural features of physical geography including landforms, mountains, plains, valleys, deserts, oceans, lakes, rivers
large scale map covers a small area but shows many details
small scale map covers a large area but includes few details
Created by: JudyDavenport
Popular Geography sets




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