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Pharmacoloy Terms

Respiratory, GI ,Antibiotics, Analgesics

Respiratory drugs target what? Inflammation, bronchoconstriction
Asthma is difficulty breathing, wheezing. hyper-responsive airway
bronchioles carry air to - aveoli
Ventolin, Proventil albuterol
Ventolin,Proventil - albuterol does what? broncodialator, immediate. Beta II - agonist. Mimics sympathetic nervous response (adrenalin)
Beclovent, Vanceril beclamethasone
Beclovent, Vanceril - beclamethasone does what? anti-inflammatory - daily med. Not immediate.
Zyflo zileuton
Zyflo - zileuton does what? inhibits leukotrienes - more specific anti inflammatory. Reduces symptoms.
GI drugs target what? G.E.R.D. - acid reflux
Parietal cells secrete what? HCI - Hydrochloric acid
H2 receptors which are stimulated by histamine is located where? parietal cells
Proton Pump is located where? surface of parietal cells
What is Proton Pump responsible for? pumping hydrochloric acid into stomach.
-tidine suffix for H2 receptor blockers antagonist
Is H2 receptor an Agonist or Antagonist? Antagonist
Pepcid famotidine
Pepcid - famotidine does what? relives heartburn/GERD. blocks histamine H2 receptors
-prazole suffix for proton pump inhibitors. AKA gastric acid pump inhibitors
Prilosec omeprazole
Prilosec - omeprazole is used for? Gastric acid pump inhibitor used for ulcers, GERD, erosive esophagitis
Prevacid lansoprazole
Prevacid - lansoprazole is used for what? short term treatment for duodenal ulcers, GERD, maintenance of healed ulcers.
Antibiotics do what? effects bacteria (microbes). inhibits replication of bacteria but does not adversely effect the host (body)
bacterialcidal drug does what? Kills bacteria
bacteriostatic drug does what? prevents growth and reproductions but will not kill bacteria.
first type of antibiotic mechanisms. 1. inhibits bacterial wall synthesis. Example - penicillins.
second type of antibiotic mechanisms. 2. inhibits bacterial metabolism. Example - Sulfonamides
third type of antibiotic mechanisms. 3. inhibits protein synthesis. Example - macrolides (erythomycin)
fourth type of antibiotic mechanisms. 4. inhibits nucleic acid synthesis Example - Fluoroquinolones
We have cell membranes. Bacteria have cell --- walls
Augmentin amoxicillin/clavulante K
Augmentin - amoxicillin/clavulante K does what? broad spectrum. betalactamase inhibitor
Amoxil (Trimox) amoxicillin
Amoxil - amoxicillin Broad spectrum. Inhibition of cell wall.
Keflex cephalexin
Keflex - cephalexin are in what family? Cephalosporin. used for respiratory and skin/bone infections.
Cipro - Cipri I.V. ciprofloxacin
Cipro - ciprofloxacin is in what family? Quinolone. -floxacin. bacteriostatic drugs.
-floxacin drugs are what? bacteriostatic - Quinolone
-mycin drugs are in what family? Macrolide
Biaxin clarithromycin.
Biaxin - clarithromycin drugs treat what type of bacteria? acid loving (for ulcers)
Zithromax azithromycin
Macrolides inhibit what? protein synthesis
Analgesic drugs do what? relieve pain
what 2 type of analgesic drugs are there? narcotic and non-narcotic
Narcotic drugs are what? addictive. Morphine. Modify perception of pain. work in CNS by binding to opioid receptors.
Non-narcotic drugs are what? non habit forming. anti inflammatory drugs. NSAIDS. non steroidal.
How do non narcotic drugs work? blocks synthesis of chemical mediators of pain.
Prostoglandins do what? modifies/blocks generation of pain signals by blocking the cox enzyme.
APAP stands for what? for codeine
What do the numbers behind Tylenol w/codeine stand for? The amount of codeine
Vicodin hydrocodone w/APAP
Morphine is what? narcotic pain relief. Opioid receptor. Causes severe respiratory failure if too much.
Narcan naloxone HCI - antagonist. does not cause respiratory depression.
Darvocet N-100-50 propoxyphene/APAP
propoxyphene is what? narcotic agonist
Fentanyl short acting narcotic.
Created by: kjlange



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