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psychology chapter 1

hindsight bias knowing what was happened in the past but not taking any action to prevent it in the future
confirmation bias ignoring evidence that doesn't align with your views
heuristics simple rules people follow to make a decision; common sense
availability heuristics making a decision with the easiest idea that comes to mind; most available
dunning-kruger effect people who are least skilled at a task tend to think they know how to do it better than everyone else
psychological science the study, through research, of mind, brain, and behavior
amiable skepticism open to new information but wary of new "scientific findings"
empirical gaining knowledge through observations and the collection of data
systematic introspection (structuralism) to analyze structures of mental processes
functionalism focuses on the function behavioral and mental processes serves
behaviorism the science of focusing only on the behavior of an individual
psychoanalytic theory understand how unconscious thoughts cause mental disorders
gestalt movement study subjective perceptions as a whole
humanistic psychology focuses on ways to make people happier; finding the good in people
cognitivism exploring mental processes that influence behavior
cognitive revolution movement started by Miller to re-integrate the study of mental functions into psychology
cognitive psychology the study of mental functions
computer modeling helps psychologists. understand mental processes
big data approach uses tools from the computer science world to identify complex patterns in large data sets
distributed practice learning material in short bursts over a prolonged period of time
retrieval-based memory learning new information by repeatedly recalling it from long-term memory
elaborative interrogation learning by asking yourself questions about a topic
self-exploration reflecting on learning processes and trying to make sense of new material in your own words
interleaved practice switching between topics during studying
Created by: bellabarkley
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