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Psych D&A ch 1 notes

Psych 4325 Drugs and Alcohol ch 1 notes

QuestionAnswer
Altered stae of consciousness A non ordinary state of perception that can be caused by psychoactive drugs
Psychoactive Drugs Any substance that directly alters the normal fuctioning of the central nervous system.
Shaman A medicine man or woman who uses magic, spiritual forces, or drugs to cure illness, speak to the spirits and control the future.
Dionysus and Bacchus The Roman and Greek versions of the god fo wine and ecstasy.
Sumeria and Mesopotamia Two of the earliest civilizations in the Middle East where psychoactive drug use first occured.
Cannabis A psychoactive plant that can be used as a source of fiber, oil, or a psychoactive substance.
Hexing Herbs Members of the nightshade family of planys that contain the psychoactive chemicals atrophine and scopolamine.
Ergot A toxic fugus found on rye, wheat, and other grasses that contains lysergic acid, it is used in the synthesis of LSD
Theriac An opium-based cure-all that was developed almost 2,000 years ago
Distillation A chemical process that vaporizes that alcohol in fermented beverages and the collects the concentrated distillate.
Coca A shrub whose leaves contain cocaine; the leaves are chewed for mild high.
Peyote cactus A small cactus found in northern Mexico and the Anerican southwest that contains the hallucinogen mescaline.
Conquistadors Spanish soldiers who explored and conquered Latin America over 400 years ago.
Gin Epidemic A period in English history (1710-1750) where availability of gin led to widespread public drunkenness and health problems.
Hemp A generic term often used to describe Cannibus plants that are high in fiber content and low in THC content.
Opium Wars Two wars in the 1800s mostly between England and China, that were fought for the right to sell opium in China.
Alkaloid an extract of plants with phatmacological (often psychoactive)activity, e.g, morphine, cocaine, or nicotine.
Sigmund Freud The nineteenth century father of modern psychiatry or popularized cocaine, partly through his book Uber Coca.
Temperance A philosophy of light-to-moderate drinking that was and is an alternative to abstinence or prohibition.
Prohibition A supply reduction prevention technique that prohibits the importation, sale, or use of a drug.
Patent medicines Cure-alls containing opium, cocaine, marijuana, and alcohol that were very popular in he 1800s and early 1900s.
Excise taxes Taxes on alcohol and tobacco
Pure Food and Drug Act One of the first (1906) laws that prohibited interstate commerce in misbranded food and drugs and required accurate labeling.
Eighteenth Amendment Also known as the "Prohibition Amendment" it prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages.
Alcoholics Anonymous The first 12 step, self help alcoholism recovery group founded in 1934 by Bill Wilson and Dr Bob Smith.
Sinsemilla a growing technique for high-potency marijuana that greatly increases the THC content from a few percent to as high as 30% or more.
Amphetamines a group of long-lasting nervoud system stimulants that include amphetamine and methamphetamine
"Summer of Love" A period in 1967 when the hippe movemnt flourished, characterized by drug use and free love.
Benzodiazepines A group of minor traquilizers, such as Klonopin and Xanax, that calm anxiety, relax muscles and induce sleep
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) An extremely potent psychedelic (LSD) discovered in 1938 that causes illusions, delusions, hallucinations, and stimulation.
Methadone A long-lasting synthetic opiate used orally to treat heroin addiction
Crack A street term for smokable cocaine that gives an intense reaction when absorbed through the lungs
Tar heroin a black or dark brown heroin and processed in Mexico
Myanmar The modern namefor Burma in Southeast Asia, one of the main growing areas for opium poppy.
AIDS/HIV A usually fatal disease spread by unsafe sex and IV drug use with contaminated needles
Meth A street term for methamphetamine, and intense long lasting stimulant.
Club Drugs Drugs used at music parties, often called "raves", that include MDMA or ectasy, ketamine, GHB, and nitrous oxide.
Ecstasy A stimulant (MDMA) that is taken to promote closeness and empathy at parties and clubs.
Medical marijuana The use of marijuana for medical purposes rather than for the high it causes.
Tobacco settlement an agreemnt between tobacco companies and the various states for $246 billon over 25 years to defray tobacco-caused medical costs.
OxyContin & Vicodin Two prescription opioids that are often abused by drug abusers and addicts.
Genetic susceptibility One of the areas of recent studies into the cause and treatment of addiction and alcoholism
Behavioral addictions Nondrug addictions such as compulsive gambling and eating disorders that have many of the same symptoms as drug addiction
Drug courts Courts that offer alernatives to incarceration for drug offenses by first and occasionally second time offenders
Chemical name The technical name for drug such and methlenedioxyamphetamine
Trade name The commercial name for drugs such as Vicodin or Prozac
Street name The slang or street name for a drug such as cracker or meth
Uppers A class of drugs that act as stimulants including cocaine, amphetamines, coffee, and tobacco
Downers A class of drugs that act as depressants including opiates and opioid, sedatives-hypnotics, and alcohol
All arounders A class of drugs that act as psychedelics that can cause illusions, delusions, and hallucination. ie. LSD, peyote, and marijuana
Inhalants a group of volatile solvents, volatile nitites, and anesthetics that are inhaled for their psyoactive effects.
Sports drugs A group of drugs used to enhance athletic performance including anabolic steroids and stimulants.
Psychiatric medications a group of drugs used to treat mental illness; the drugs include antidepressants, antipsychotics, and antianxiety drugs
Controlled Substance Act of 1970 The comprehensive drug control act passed to reduce the growing availability and use of psychoactive drugs in the United States.
Created by: tiffyann20
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