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Ch. 12 Communicable

Vocab words from Chapter 12

QuestionAnswer
is any condition that interferes with the proper functioning of the body or mind disease
is a disease that can be spread to a person from another person, an animal or an object communicable disease
organisms that are so small that they can be seen only through a microscope germs
the germs that are responsible for causing disease pathogens
is a condition that occurs when pathogens enter the body, multiply and damage body cells infection
the smallest and simplest disease-causing organisms viruses
tiny one-cell organisms that live nearly everywhere bacteria
primitive life-forms, such as mold or yeast, that cannot make their own food fungi
one-celled organisms that have a more complex structure than bacteria protozoa
is a combination of body defenses made up of cells, tissues, and organs that fight off pathogens immune system
the body's response to injury or disease, resulting in a condition of swelling, pain, heat and redness inflammation
a secondary circulatory system that helps the body fight pathogens and maintain its fluid balance. lymphatic system
special white blood cells in the lymph lymphocytes
substances that send the immune system into action antigens
proteins that attach to antigens, keeping them from harming the body antibodies
your body's ability to resist the pathogens that cause a particular disease immunity
a preparation of dead or weakend pathogens that is injected into the body to cause the immune system to produce antibodies vaccine
a cpmmunicable disease characterized by fever, chills, fatigus, headache, muscle aches and respiratory symptoms influenza (Flu)
the length of time that a particular disease can be spread from person to person contagious period
disease characterized be swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck and throat mononucleosis (Mono, "kissing disease")
inflammation of the liver characterized by yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes hepatitis
a bacterial disease that usually affects the lungs tuberculsis
a serious inflammation or infection of the lungs pneumonia
a sore throat caused by streptococcal bacteria strep throat
a bacterial STD that may affect the reproductive organs chlamydia
growths or bumps in the gential area caused by HVP genital warts
a viral STD that produces painful blisters in the genital area genital herpes
a bacterial STD that affects the mucous membranes of the body, particularly in the genital area gonorrhea
a bacterial STD that can affect many parts of the body syphilis
also known as STI sexually transmitted diseases
virus that causes AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus) HIV
deadly disease that interferes with the body's ability to fight infection (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) AIDS
cleanliness hygiene
Created by: Coach Davis
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