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dead sea a salt lake between Israel and Jordan; the dead sea is the lowest point
Jordan river a river of southwest Asia rising in Syria and flowing about 322 km south through the sea of Galilee to the northern end of the dead sea
king David king of the Israelites after Saul:inified the Jews into a settled nation and established a capital at the city of Jerusalem
Solomon 10th century b.c, king of isreal (son of David)
Torah the Pentateuch, being the first of the three Jewish divisions of the old testaments
Abraham the first of the great biblical patriarchs, father of Isaac, and traditional founder of the ancient Hebrew nation: considered by Muslims an ancestor of the Arab peoples through his son Ishmael
Mesopotamia an ancient region in w Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers:now part of iraq
Nebuchadnezzar a king of Babylonia,604-561,and conquer of Jerusalem
Moses the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelite out of Egypt and delivered the law during their years of wandering in the wilderness
Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from ancient Iraq and is among the earliest known works of literary writings scholars believe that it originated as a series of Sumerian legends and poems about the mythological hero-king Gilgamesh
Ninevah the ancient capital of Assyria:its ruins are opposite Mosul,on the Tigris river,in n Iraq
Tyre a rich trade port and the major city of Phoenicia,located on the eastern Mediterranean sea in present day southern Lebanon
Euphrates river a river in SW Asia flowing from e turkey through Syria and Iraq joining the Tigris to form the shatt-AL-Arab near the Persian gulf
Covenant a sacred agreement
empire a government under an emperor or empress
myth a traditional or legendary story usually concerning some being or hero or event with or without a determinable basis
isreal a republic in SW Asia on the Mediterranean formed as a Jewish state may 1948
Phoenicians a native or inhabitant of phoenicia
zagros mountains a mountain range in s and SW Iran,extending along parts of the borders of turkey and Iraq
code a system for communication by telegraph,heliograph,etc..,in which long and short sounds light flashes,etc..,are used to symbolize the content of a message
Hebrews a book of the new testament.abbreviation heb
exile the Babylonian captivity of the Jews
black sea a sea between europe and asia
sumer the site of the earliest known civilization located n Mesopotamia present day Iraq
diaspora the scattering of Jews to countries outside of Palestine after the Babylonian captivity
caravan a group of travelers as merchants or pilgrims journeying together for safety in passing through deserts hostile territory
bazaar a marketplace or shopping quarter one in the middle east
famine extreme and general scarcity of food as in a country of geographical area
Tigris river a river in SW Asia flowing SE from SE turkey through Iraq joining the Euphrates to form the shatt-AL-Arab
Assyrians a native or inhabitant of assyria
Hammurabi 18th century b.c or earlier ,king of Babylonian
polytheism the doctrine or belief in more than one god or in many gods
Sargon king of Assyria,conquered Babylonia and founded the last great Assyrian dynasty
alphabet the letters of a language in their customary order
scribe a person who serves as a professional copyist, especially one who made copies of manuscripts before the invention of printing
Chaldeans one of an ancient Semitic people that formed the dominant element in Babylonia
astronomy the science that deals with the material universe beyond the earths atmosphere
ur a city of ancient sumer in southern Mesopotamia located in present-day south east Iraq
Canaan a region occupied by the ancient Israelites,AKA Palestine,located between the Jordan river,Mediterranean sea,and the dead sea,on site that includes ancient present-day isreal and part of Jordan
ziggurat a temple of Sumerian origin in the form of a pyramidal tower, consisting of a number of stories and having about the outside a broad ascent winding round the structure, presenting the appearance of a series of terraces
monotheism the doctrine or belief that there is only one god
prophet a person who speaks for god or a deity or by divine inspiration
the ten commands/rules from god
dead sea scroll a # of leather,papyrus,and copper scrolls dating from 100b.c to 135a.d,containing partial texts of some of the books of the old testament and some non-biblical scrolls
Jerusalem the capital city of modern isreal:holy vity of Jews,Christians,and Muslims
chariot a light 2 wheeled vehicle for one person usually drawn by 2 horses and driven from a standing position used in ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome,etc...,in warfare,racing,hunting,etc
Babylon an ancient region around southeastern Mesopotamia and between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers now present-day Iraq
city-state a sovereign state consisting of an autonomous city with its dependencies
Created by: joshinator