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GEOG Exam 1

This is your world... Exam 1

QuestionAnswer
World: ~_________ (2010);~___ by 2050; est __B in 2011 6.8 B, 10 B, 7B
add ~____ people/yr (= to size of ________) 79 M, Germany
___% of the pop. growth is in _____ 99% pop growth in LDCs - less developed countries
__% of infant deaths occur in _____ 99% infant deaths in LDCs
Top 5 Populations _____=1.3b; _____=1.1b; ___=304m; _________=245m; ______=187m China, India, US, Indonesia, Brazil
_______& _______ possess 38% of world pop China and India posses ___ pop of world
2006:>___% of world pop live in urban area(?) 50% live in ___ areas
Avg life exp: MDC = ___, LDC = ___, World = ___ 79, 52,67 avg ___ in MDCs, LDCs and world
Fertility(births/f): MDC = ___, LDC = ___, World = ___ 1.6, 5, 2.7 ___/f in MDCs, LDCs and world
Infant mortality(per 100): MDC = ___, LDC = ___, World = ___ .5, 10, 5.6 % in MDCs, LDCs and world
Pop over 65 (%): MDC = ___, LDC = ___, World = ___ 13, 2.6, 6 pop over ___% in MDCs, LDCs and world
Pop < 15 (%): MDC = ___, LDC = ___, World = ___ 18, 42(or more), 29 pop under ___% in MDCs, LDCs and world
Low birth rates & living longer in ___ (Japan pop. trend?) > opposite true in___? MDC's have low ___ and high ___, LDC's have low___ and high ___
In Europe, by 2015, _____ will outnumber _____ Deaths, births in ___ in 2015
Worldwide ___% of those age 15-49 with HIV/AIDS; sub-Saharan Africa: __%; Botswana: __% 1.1, 8, 38 % with HIV/AIDS in ____, ____ and ____
__m infected with HIV/AIDS in So. Africa; __m in India 5M, 5M infected with HIV/AIDS in ____ and ___
Epidemic? Children? ___m AIDS orphans in SSA; Culture >> habits/responsibilities? 14M ___ with HIV/AIDS in ___
Pop in China 1.3B in ___
Pop in India 1.1B in ___
Pop in US 304 or 308M in ___
Pop in Indonesia 245M in ___
Pop in Brazil 187M in ___
PPP means purchasing power parody
GDP(PPP) per capita in US PPP $46,700 in ___
GDP(PPP) per capita in EU-27 PPP $33,400 in ___
GDP(PPP) per capita in Europe PPP $19,000 in ___
GDP(PPP) per capita in Latin America PPP $10,300 in ___
GDP(PPP) per capita World AVG PPP $10,400 in ___
GDP(PPP) per capita in Sub Saharan Africa PPP <$2,000 in ___
~___% living on <$2/day ~53% living on ___
_________ __________ in many LDCs makes situation worse + pymt of debt, the need for food, energy, medicine, education; poverty Government corruption
___%-Christian(Protestant, Catholic)-largest 33% religion
___%- Muslim – fastest growing religion globally 20% religion
___%-Hinduism/__%-Buddhism 14% and 6% religion
___%-non/anti-religious (Communist nations China, Cuba, Vietnam, N Korea officially atheist) 15% religion
__%-Judaism .2% religion
__%-Misc Asian/African religions 17.8% religion
Adult literacy in MDCs then LDCs: ____% m-__%, f-__% 99+% and m-63% f-43%
Internet(per 100)in MDCs then LDCs: ___(2006)___ 56% in 2006 (~70% now) and .8%
Phones(per 100)in MDCs then LDCs: ___ ___ 55% and .9%
Cellular(per 100)in MDCs then LDCs: ___ ___ 77% and 2.8%
Secondary edu beyond age 16 in MDCs then LDCs: ___% m-___%, f-___% 99+% and m-30% f-25%
~__% of world has democracy 50% govt
theocracy religion rules
autocracy dictator
monarchy royalty
parliamentary prime minister/ legislative
Communism govt controls everything, no private property
# languages >3,000
#1 language Mandarin Chinese
#2 language English
#3 language Hindi
#4 language Spanish
more people in ___ speak English than in ___ China and US language
<___% of US univ require foreign language 8% foreign language
<___% of Am speak a foreign language; US students next-to-last in knowledge of other cultures 3% foreign language
<___% of US teachers have had any int’l curricula/training 3% foreign language
___________ = study of Earth’s surface, spatial distributions & patterns of physical and human characteristics geography
Human characteristics 4 types political, cultural, economic, historic (settlement patterns; winners make boundaries)
Location 2 types absolute location vs. relative location
_______________ run N/S lines of longitude
0° long. = ________ ___________ prime meridian
~180° long. = ___________ ____ ____ Grennich International Dateline
____________ run E/W lines of latitude
0° lat.= _________ equator
23.5°N is Tropic of _______ Tropic of Cancer
23.5°S is Tropic of __________ Tropic of Capricorn
90°N =_________ North Pole
90°S =_______ South Pole
Maps are cool and represent ___ ___, reality (political, wealth, resources, etc.) spatial organization
________ _____: collection of our personal images & facts about places; local, distant Mental map
_________ ________: cultures impact/influence each other – melting pot or mixed salad?? cultural diffusion
Conflict or cooperation…tension over _________, __________, _________, etc. resources, space, ideals
Landscape change: humans emerge ~________ years ago 40,000 years
~__________ years ago, humans began to have a major ____________ impact 10,000 years, ecological
__________ ________: early civilizations began to flourish 8000-2500BC (ex: Mesoamerica, China, Mesopotamia); community (?) cultural change
Two major (_________) revolutions: key to both was ______________! change, technology
_____________ (Neolithic) Revolution: the move from a ____________ society (~10,000 years ago) to domestication of ________ and _________ for food; carrying capacity (?) Agricultural Revolution, nomadic
__________ Revolution: ~1700AD – new wealth & talent meant new technologies, use of resources; but…negative impact as well: ___________ limited, pop _________, global __________… Industrial
industrialization = _____________?? Development of _____ system suburbanization, development of class system
Why is a ______ _____ important? middle class - they make & spend $$
______: have a middle class (3 classes), _____ do not (2 classes [very rich, very poor]) MDCs, LDCs classes
most LDCs are > ~70% ___ rural
MDC GDP/income high GDP
MDC energy use high energy
% MDC urban high urban
MDC birth rate low br
Pop MDC growth rate low gr
Pop MDC under 15 low <15
Pop MDC literate high literate
MDC Leisure time available high leisure
MDC Life expectancy high life exp.
LDC GDP/income low GDP
LDC energy use low energy
% LDC urban low urban
LDC birth rate high
Pop LDC growth rate high
Pop LDC under 15 high <15
Pop LDC literate low literate
LDC Leisure time available low leisure
LDC Life expectancy low life exp
____% of the world lives in MDCs 20% pop in ___
MDCs control ___% of wealth in world 74%
life very different for the remaining ____% (bottom 20% control 2%) 80%
Wealth can be measured by: ___ ___ ___ gross domestic product
(GDP)-PPP output of goods & services a country produces(figured for purchasing power)
GDP for _________ is $69,000,000,000,000 (2008) world GDP
GDP for ______ is $14.3 trillion USA GDP
GDP for ______ is $7.8 trillion China GDP
GDP for _______ is $4.3 trillion Japan GDP
GDP for _______ is $3.3 trillion India GDP
GDP for _______ is $2.9 trillion (EU is ~$13t) Germany GDP
GDP per _________ (output per individual)= GDP/population(in PPP) GDP capita
PPP in ____________: $78,500 Luxembourg PPP
PPP in ____________: $58,200 Norway PPP
PPP in ____________: $49,300 Singapore PPP
PPP in ____________: $46,700 USA PPP
PPP in ____________: $44,200 Ireland PPP
______ is not in the top 50 GDPp/c @ $6,000 = ______ China PPP = LDC
Human Development Index[HDI] (UNDP.org) a ranking of countries that considers ___ ___ ___ quality of life
_______ #1 HDI Iceland HDI
_______ #2 HDI Norway HDI
_______ #3 HDI CanadaHDI
_______ #4 HDI Australia HDI
_______ #5 HDI Ireland HDI
_______ #6 HDI Netherlands HDI
_______ #7 HDI Sweden HDI
_______ #8 HDI Japan HDI
_______ #9 HDI Luxembourg HDI
_______ #10 HDI Switzerland HDI
_______ #15 HDI USA HDI
Why do other countries rank higher on the HDI than the US? social heath care, better social programs makes for higher ___
__________ Theory: MDC's control LDCs for ___ Dependency exploits LDCs for raw materials, (cheap) labor & markets (?)
____________ Theory: MNCs, IMF, World Bank, WTO, G-8 control LDCs through ______, ________ policies Neocolonialism through debt and trade policies (MNC - multinational company)
_____________: increased interaction among worldwide markets, production centers, and labor pools; political/cultural adjustments? Globalization
Globalization: Spread of ___, technologies ideas
Globalization : flow of ______ & services goods
Globalization :long-term _________ (work, asylum, family) migration
Globalization: good for ___, bad for 5 reasons communications (and other things), bad for arms, drugs, terrorism, crime, disease
Advocates: globalization increases _________, _________ & standard of living in ____ prosperity and productivity in LDCs
Opponents: globalization __________ gap between _____ & _____ increases gap between rich and poor and only a few LDCs benefit; greater interdependence?
MNCs can lead to ___, ___ & ___ pollution, monopolies and corruption
The Starbucks, Wal-Mart & Nike examples; fair trade products (cost ____ but insure fair ______ are paid to farmers/laborers/etc) cost more, fair wages
Localization: opposed to _______ influences; ex. _________: localization put them in power, globalization… opposed to outside influences ex. Taliban
_____________: mutually dependent Interdependency
global trade [_______/US…?] China trades with
Is the world really getting ‘__________’ because of ___, ___...? Smaller because of technology, travel...
MNCs profit at expense of ______ regulations and ___ labor reduced regulations and cheap labor
Globalization: short-term flow of people for ________ & tourism business
Created by: 58702460