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PTAS 203

Study Guide Exam 1

QuestionAnswer
Cerebral Palsy Non-progressive and non-inherited lesion of the cerebral cortex that can occur before, during or after birth (up to 2 years of age)
Spina Bifida Non-progressive, developmental defect characterized by incomplete closure of the bones surrounding the spinal cord
Spina Bifida Occulta Type of spina bifida without visible protrusion
Meningocele Type of spinal bifida where a sac like cysts protrudes outside of the spine
Myelomeningocele Most serious type of spina bifida where there are permanent neurological deficits
Down Syndrome Trisomy 21 with resulting cognitive impairments and developmental delay
Muscular Dystrophy Congenital progressive disorder characterized by wasting of skeletal muscle without neurological deficits
Osteogenesis Imperfecta Rare congenital disorder often referred to as "Brittle Bones" disease
Legg-Clave Perthes Avascular necrosis of the femoral head usually affecting boy between ages 3 to 12
Erb's Palsy UE paralysis due to traction injury at birth
Osgood-Schlatter Avulsion of the patellar tendon at the tibial tuberosity
Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita Non-progressive syndrome with there are multiple contractures at birth in an intact skeleton
Congenital Hip Dysplasia Hip dislocation in children
Spinal Muscular Atrophy Progressive, genetic neuromuscular disease characterized by weakness and wasting of the skeletal weakness
Prader-Willi Syndrome Congenital syndrome with disorder of chromosone 15
AIDS Viral infection of white blood cells
Multiple Sclerosis Chronic, progressive disease of the CNS characterized by the destruction of the myelin sheath
Rheumatoid Arthritis Chronic, systemic disease affecting joints that is progressive
Myasthenia Gravis Autoimmune disease at the neuromuscular junction
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune disease characterized by butterfly rash
Scleroderma Chronic, progressive systemic disease of the skin where the skin hardens and shrinks
Diabetes Mellitus Chronic, systemic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia and disruption of the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins
Hypertonia High muscle tone
Dyskinesia Abnormal or altered movement
Athetosis Repetitive, involuntary writhing movement
Chorea Rapid, jerky involuntary movements
Ataxia Uncoordinated movement associated with damage to the cerebellum
Hypotonia Low muscle tone
Hydrocephalus Increased pressure on the brain
Myopia near sightedness
Esotropia Cross eyed
Pes Planus Flat feet
Parasthesisia Abnormal sensation of pins and needles
Dysethesia Abnormal sensation of burning or aching
Lhermitte's sign Electric shock down the spine elicited by neck flexion
Scotoma Dark spot in the visual field
Nystagmus Repetitive involuntary movement of the eye
Internuclearopthalmoplegia Incomplete adduction of the affected side eye with nystagmus of opposite eye with gaze to one side
Intention tremor Tremor that occurs while trying to move
Dysarthria Difficulty with articulation
Dysphagia Difficulty with swallowing
Synovitis Inflammation of synovia
Pannus Layer of inflammatory articulation tissue
Ankylosis Natural joint fusion
Arthrodesis Surgical joint fusion
Swan neck deformity PIP hyperextension, DIP flexion
Boutonniere deformity DIP extension, PIP flexion
Hallux valgus Bunions
Arthroplasty Surgical replacement of a joint
Ptosis Eyelid drooping
Diplopia Double vision
Plasmapheresis Method of filtrating plasma (mysathenia gravis)
Ketoacidosis Breakdown of fat/protein in storage for energy becasue no glucose
Hyperglycemia Increased glucose in blood - can lead to dehydration
Catarects Clouding of the lens of the eye
Glaucoma Increased pressure in the eye that may lead to loss of peripheral vision
Macular degeneration Eye disease that often results in the loss of central vision
Marfan's syndrome Genetic disorder of the connective tissue that results in people with tall stature and cardiac problems
Klinefelter's syndrome Disorder in males where there is an extra X chromosone
Created by: woblevalenski