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Middle East History

Review for quiz on Middle East History

Last great Muslim Empire in Middle East Ottoman Empire
War which resulted in the collapse of the Ottoman Empire WWI
Present day country which is all that remains of the Ottoman Empire Turkey
Empire which destroyed the ancient country of Israel in 70 CE Roman Empire
Spread of Jews around the world following the destruction of their nation in 70 CE Diaspora
Temporary authority to govern until an area is ready for independence Mandate
Following WWI the British mandate which included modern Israel and Jordan Palestine
Present day countries which were part of French mandate after WWI Lebanon and Syria
Movement, begun in the late 1800's, which encouraged Jews to move back to the "promised land" Zionism
Founder of Zionist movement Theodor Herzl
Document which expressed British support for the creation Balfour Declaration
International organization which decided how to divide the British mandate in Palestine United Nations
Under the plan to partition (divide) Palestine, what city was supposed to be an international city with access guaranteed for all Jerusalem
First nation to recognize the state of Israel USA
War which began day after Israel declared its independence on May 14, 1948 War of independence
War in which Israel gained a great deal of land, referred to as the "occupied territories" !967 Six Day War
One of the territories occupied by Israel following the Six Day War Gaza strip, Golan Heights, West Bank, and Sinai Peninsula
The war, initiated (started) by Egypt and Syria with a surprise attack on Israel in 1973 Yom Kippur War
First nation to make peace with Israel Egypt
Egyptian president assassinated by one of his own soldiers for making peace with Israel Anwar Sadat
Name of peace treaty between Egypt and Israel in 1978 Camp David Accords
US president who facilitated the peace agreement between Israel (represented by Menachem Begin) and Egypt (represented by Anwar Sadat) in 1978 Jimmy Carter
The Arab-Israeli war in which oil was first used as a weapon Yom Kippur War
Organization, created in 1964, which had as its goal the destruction of Israel PLO - Palestine Liberation Organization
The Chairman of the PLO from 1964 until his death in 2004 Yasser Arafat
The framework for peace between the PLO and Israel agreed upon in 1993 Oslo Accords
Israeli Prime Minister who was assassinated for agreeing to peace terms with the PLO Yitzhak Rabin
US president who brought Israel and the PLO together in 1993 to work out a framework for peace Bill Clinton
Method used by PLO to achieve its goals Terrorism: car bombings, hijacking, kidnapping
Positive contribution of PLO Schools, medical care, welfare services
Uprising of Palestinian Arabs (mostly young people) to protest Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza. Intafada
Palestinian Arab group which came to power in Gaza when this area was turned over by Israel in 2005. Hamas
US special envoy to the Middle East appointed by President Barak Obama George Mitchell
Created by: dfred