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Psych Exam 1, Part 1

Module 1: Foundations of Psych

Psychology The scientific study of the mind and behavior
Introspection The examination of mental processes
Structuralism Theory that the structure of consciousness can be understood by basic elements like reactions, thoughts, and sensations
Functionalism How mental activities help an organism adapt to it's environment
Psychoanalysis The study of beyond or below consciousness, such as urges, instincts, drives, and past experiences
Id Raw drives, sexuality, violence. Think of it as the "devil" on your shoulder
Ego Rationality, normal every day mind. Think of it as the "head" between the two shoulders.
Superego Social roles and expectations. Think of it as the "angel" on your shoulder.
Gestalt Theory Wholeness when it comes to experiences
Behaviorism The study of behavior. "The contents of consciousness are forever inaccessible to science, therefore we should just stop caring"
Humanism The focus of goodness, resilience, and wisdom of humanity
Maslow's Hierarchy A pyramid of needs. (bottom-top) Psychological needs, safety, love and belonging, esteem, and self actualization
Cognitism "Internal mental states are real and can be studied, we can use objective science methods"
Multicultural Psychology The study of how culture impacts behaviors
The 5 Domains of Psychology Biological, cognitive, developmental, social/personality, and mental/physical health
The Scientific Method Observation, hypothesis, test, analysis, conclusions
Theory A highly developed idea that explains a phenomenon
Hypothesis A precise estimate on what the outcome will be of an experiment
Created by: scheeri
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