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Generationsdp

generation notes computer basics

QuestionAnswer
What was the first electronic computer called? The ABC computer. (Atanasoff Berry-Computer)
What does ENAIC stand for? Electronic Numerical Integration and Calculator
What computer replaced vacuum tubes with magnetic tape? The model 650
What are the three high level programming languages called? FORTRAN, COBOL, BASIC
When was the transistor created? 1947
Invented in 1961, what could replace hundreds of transistors? Integrated Circuits
Who invented the Integrated Circuit? Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce
What is a mainframe? This is a large computer system that is usually used for multi-user applications
What was the IBM 360? One of the first computers to use a mainframe, it was popular among business, smaller size, and less expensive.
who invented the microprocessor? Marcian Hoff
When was the microprocessor invented? 1970
When was the first microcomputer built? And what was called? 1975, Altair
Who designed the first Apple computer? Stephen Wozniak and Steven Jobs
Which first generation computer started out as a military project? ENAIC
what is a CPU? Central Processing Unit
Who built the UNIVAC? John Maulchy and J. Presper Eckert
What was the "Universal Machine"? The stored program computer
What was the Integrated chip also known as? the chip
Who invented the vacuum tube? William DeForest
How many calculaions per second could the Second Generation computer do? 10,000
what were some characteristics of the ENAIC? they were small and contained vacuum tubes
What did the stored program eliminate? The manual process of switching the wires?
Where did the stored program computer store computer instructions? CPU
What does PC stand for? Personal Computer
Who designed COBOL? Grace Murray Hopper
Created by: dyllancb502
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