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Stack #349092

QuestionAnswer
What was the first computer? Atanasoff-Berry Computer(ABC Computer)
Name two advantages from the transistor. Smaller, Less Expensive, Caclulating speeds up to 10,000 caclulations per second.
What was the first medium-sized computer? Model 650
Name all three programming languages. Fortran, Cobol, and Basic
What were two of the disadvantages from the first generation computers? Many vacuum tubes, vacuum tubes were large, and very expensive
Name two other characteristics from the model 650. It was a change in the way data was stored, more widely used by business people.
What are the advantages from magnetic tape? Ability to read data quickly reliably, ability to write data quickly reliably.
The new high-level programming language were easier to use than? Machine language
Who created the high-level programming languages? John Backus and a team
What does Fortran stand for? Formula Translator
What programming language had inuitive commands such as read and write? Fortran
What is the most widely used high level programming language Cobol
What does Cobol stand for? Common Business Oriented Language
Who designed Cobol? Grace Murray Hopper
What was the purpose for cobol language? To provide a common language for use on all computers.
What does Basic language mean? Beginner's all purpose symbolic instruction code.
Who created basic language? John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz
Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce created what? The integrated chip
In 1964, this computer was one of the first computers to use integrated circuits. IBM System 360
Who invented the Microprocessor? Marcian Hoff in 1970
Who invented the vacuum tube? William DeForest
What year were transistors made? 1947
How big is an Integrated Chip? .5" wide by 1.5" long
How many users are needed to use a mainframe? Multi-users
Who developed the Cobol language? The Department of Defense in 1959
Created by: jessecb502
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