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Pharmacology notes

pharmacology

QuestionAnswer
Pharmacology the study of drugs and their origin, nature, properties, and effects on living organisms
How are drugs categorized? classifications
How do you classify a drug? 3 ways chemical composition, how they work, and by the disease they treat
Generic name reflects the chemical name, but in shorter form
brand name the name the manufacturer uses to market the drug
indications reasons for administering a medication or performing a treatment ex)blood pressure
contra-indications factor that prevents the use of a medication/treatment ex)allergies
dose amount of a drug to be administered at one time ex)400 mg every 4 hrs
mechanism of action how a drug works ex)lowers blood pressure
effects desired results of administration of a medication ex) the blood pressure is lowered
side effects effects that aren't desired and that occur in addition to the desired effects ex)nausea, vomiting, headaches
drugs chemical substances that cause changes, physical or emotional, in an individual
medicine drug used to prevent, treat, or cure an illness/pain
What 3 qualities must a drug have in order to be a medication? effectiveness, safety, and side effects
What are the 2 different ways you can get medicine? by prescription and over the counter
What is the difference between the 2 ways you can get medicine? by prescription- written order by the doctorover the counter- medicine that can be purchases without a prescription
analgesics relieve pain
antihistamines helps allergies
antibiotics kill bacteria
antacides relieve heartburn
sublingual under the tongue
oral drug that is swallowed and absorbed thru the stomach and intestinal tact
inhalation gas or aerosol inhaled by the patient
injection drug is injected into a muscle mass
nasogastric tube goes down the nose
What are the 2 kinds of tubes that go in your stomach? g-tube and peg-tube
tablets compressed powder shaped into a disk
liquid fo injections ex)epinephrine
spray nitroglycerin sub-lingual spray
gel substance that the patient swallows
suspension drug particles mixed ex)activated charcoal
fine powder for inhalation albuterol by hand-held metered-dose inhaler
gas oxygen by mask
cap capsule
elix elixer
gtt drop
supp suppository
susp suspension
tab tablet
IM intramuscular
IV intraveneous
PO oral
R rectal
subq subcutaneous
What are the first 2 steps to administering medication? obtain an order and confirm order
six rights of medication right medication, right time, right patient, right dose, right route, right documentation
grain gr
dram dr
ounce oz
pint pt
quart qt
1 ml= 1cc
1tsp= 5cc
1tbsp= 3tsp
15cc= 1tbsp
1oz= 30cc
1cup= 8oz or 240cc
Created by: cgb1993
 

 



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